New measures "constitute a legal wall to asylum just as despicable as a razor-wire fence”, says Human Rights Watch.
Refugees panicked and drowned as the overloaded boat they were dumped on sank.
Transporting Syrian refugees is big business for shipwrights, shoe shops and smugglers alike in Turkey.
Rumours and confusion are growing as European leaders show little will to manage the thousands of desperate people fleeing bitter, deadly conflict.
Change in governments' policy sees a reduction in chaos as the flow of people to the EU continues.
Abu Hamada, the kingpin of the Syrian smuggling network in Egypt, earns about $90 000 a week but sees nothing wrong in profiting from migrants.
Without an elected Parliament, the Egyptian president can change the law.
Surrounded by golden mantlepieces, tasselled curtains, a coterie of suits - Morsi didn't have the air of a man about to be ousted as president.
More than just military action is needed in Libya to curb desperate refugees and hungry smugglers.
The challenge is huge but there are some things that could ease the tragic situation.
Smugglers responsible for putting migrants to sea in inadequate vessels say they do not force refugees to board any boat against their will.