With a cost of around R3-billion, one of the questions raised is whether the census was a success.
How and when South Africa works has been measured.
The critical nature of education is reflected in the numerous debates and high media profile around the current situation and potential futures.
The counting of the country's people goes beyond government planning to understanding who we are, where we are and where we are going.
A former senior StatsSA official has broken cover to reveal deep internal divisions in the audit process for Census 2011.
Anomalies in the recent census do not necessarily mean that the figures themselves are wrong, writes Phil Harrison.
Rapid urbanisation brings with it instability as new communities set up, often in informal conditions with associated social problems.
South Africans are flocking to urban areas in search of a better life and are putting strain on scarce resources, writes Lynley Donnelly.
Wealth and wellbeing are still dramatically skewed along racial and gender lines in South Africa, according to census data.
The census results mean a huge shift in the amount of money disbursed, which will have a major effect on some regions, writes Phillip de Wet.
The census is solid, Statistics South Africa says. But its critics are still not agreeing.
What is clear from the 2011 Census results is that more South Africans are getting some education compared to 2001, but not enough of it.
If the trends of the last decade hold true, the average black family can expect to start earning the same as the average white family after 2061.
According to Census 2011 results, almost half the people living in Gauteng were not born in the province.
President Jacob Zuma has officially received the Census 2011 results in a ceremonial handover, saying they are a "tale of national pride".
Census 2011 paints a rosy picture of a country better off than it was 10 years ago by every measure - except for the number of vulnerable children.
She's not doing badly - especially if she's not ambitious - but she's not rolling in cash either. This is the average South African, Census 2011 says.
Census officials say all the counting is complete but a survey showed many people were left out and unhappy with the procedure.
A further 16 000 counters have been added to the 120 000 after Stats SA realised there were more people to be counted than initially thought.