Russia has confirmed it will not make cuts in greenhouse gas emissions from 2013 under the UN's Kyoto Protocol, joining Canada and Japan.
Concerned countries want a new phase of the protocol to kick in immediately after it expires, writes Fiona Macleod.
Crucial issues were not resolved, leaving much committee work before Rio+20 and COP18.
COP17 has come and gone, leaving many South Africans still scratching their heads about what it all meant. You have questions, we have answers.
Canada has withdrawn from the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, saying the accord did not represent the way forward for the country or the world.
Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa has hailed South Africa's role at COP17 as an "outstanding success".
According to the presidency of COP17, an ad hoc group will now work towards charting a new universal legal agreement on climate change.
After two and a half days of round-the-clock discussions at the end of COP17, global leaders have finally agreed on a course to fight climate change.
Ministers fought to save UN climate talks from collapse, searching to narrow differences between rich and poor nations over fighting global warming.
A draft global pact on climate change has boosted UN talks, already deep into overtime, but negotiators are worried it's a little too late.
EU climate commissioner Connie Hedegaard has stepped up warnings that if major economies do not compromise, a Durban deal may be out of reach.
All who gathered in Durban had their own mission and ideas of what was needed.
As hopes of securing the Kyoto Protocol faded at the COP17 climate talks this week, large emerging economies united on alternative solutions.
Environmental NGOs have lambasted ministers at COP17, saying that governments were creating theatre out of the climate talks.
President Jacob Zuma has launched a flagship solar power plant in Hazelmere, KwaZulu-Natal, which is set to provide job opportunities.
On the first day of COP17 rumours that Canada planned to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol began circulating.
The science is clear: even if Durban delivers a second round of carbon-cutting commitments and everyone agrees, climate change will accelerate.
Developed nations argue that the Kyoto Protocol agreement is based on outdated notions of global economies.
President Jacob Zuma has urged delegates at the UN climate summit in Durban to work for an outcome that was "fair and credible".
UN talks to save the Kyoto Protocol begin today in Durban, aimed at cutting emissions blamed for rising sea levels, intense storms and crop failures.