Africa

Sudan violates UN resolution as bombing continues

AFP

Sudanese war planes have launched renewed air strikes against South Sudan, violating a UN resolution to end weeks of a bitter border conflict.

A man looks through the remains of a house destroyed by a Sudan Armed Forces airstrike, in Tabanya, Sudan. (AFP)

“The Republic of Sudan has been randomly bombarding civilian areas,” said Southern army spokesperson Kella Kueth, who said the air strikes hit the border states of Upper Nile, Unity and Western Bahr el-Ghazal on Monday and Tuesday.

It was not possible to independently confirm the reports of bombing and Sudan has repeatedly denied it has bombed the South.

“The people of Khartoum, they just deny,” Kueth said, adding that both fighter jets and Antonov airplanes carried the air raids.

Both sides say they are complying with a Security Council resolution which ordered them to stop fighting from last Friday, after international concern the rivals could return to all-out war.

A border war with South Sudan began in late March, escalating with waves of Sudanese air strikes against South Sudanese territory and the South’s 10-day seizure of the Heglig oil field from Khartoum’s army.

Pulling back
The South’s army confirmed it had pulled back 10km south of the contested border line, in accordance with the UN deadline on Wednesday to do so. However the border is undemarcated.

“Yes, we have done so ... but we are focusing on the bombing,” Kueth added.

The UN resolution threatens additional non-military sanctions if either side fails to meet its conditions, including ordering Sudan to halt air strikes.

It also lays down a May 16 deadline for Khartoum and Juba to “unconditionally resume negotiations” mediated by the African Union.

Troops from the rival armies are dug into fortified defensive positions along the restive border.

The reported attacks come as UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay visits South Sudan to discuss the protection of civilians affected by the border fighting.

Frontier zone
Sudan has accused the South’s army of occupying border areas Khartoum claims as theirs, in the frontier zone between Sudan’s South Darfur state and the South’s Western and Northern Bahr el-Ghazal states.

However, the South reject those claims, saying clashes there were between Khartoum’s army and northern rebels.

“We, the South, do not have anything to do with Darfur, we do not concern ourselves about that,” Kueth said.

Sudan also accuses the South of backing rebels from Darfur as well as those fighting in Sudan’s South Kordofan state and Blue Nile.

Juba rejects the claims, and in turn accuses Khartoum of backing rebels on its territory, a tactic it used to deadly effect during their 1983-2005 civil war.

The South also accuses Khartoum of occupying several parts of its territory, including the Lebanon-sized Abyei region, claimed by both sides but which Sudan’s army stormed last year forcing over 100 000 people to flee southwards. — AFP

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