Africa

Student killed in Muslim Brotherhood clash with Cairo police

Maggie Fick

One student is dead and scores have been arrested amid clashes between Muslim Brotherhood supporters and Egyptian police at a Cairo university campus.

An army and police supporter throws a Molotov cocktail back at Muslim Brotherhood supporting Al-Azhar University students outside the Cairo campus. (Reuters)

One student was killed on Saturday and scores were arrested when supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with Egyptian police at the Cairo campus of Al-Azhar University, according to state media reports.

Student activist Shaimaa Mounir told Reuters news agency that the dead student was Khaled El-Haddad, a supporter of the Brotherhood designated this week as a terrorist organisation by the state.

State-run newspaper Al-Ahram said security forces fired tear gas to disperse pro-Brotherhood students who were preventing their classmates from entering university buildings to take exams.

Protesters threw rocks at the police and set tyres on fire to counter the tear gas. Al-Ahram quoted a health ministry official as saying that one student had been killed and five injured.

The violence followed clashes across the country on Friday in which at least five people died.

Two college buildings caught fire in Saturday's violence. State TV broadcast footage of black smoke billowing from the faculty of commerce building and said "terrorist students" had set the agriculture faculty building on fire as well.

Student arrests
Police arrested 101 students for possession of makeshift weapons including petrol bombs, the state news agency reported. Calm had been restored and scheduled exams had begun after the morning clashes.

Al-Azhar, a respected centre of Sunni Islamic learning, has for months been the scene of protests against what the Brotherhood calls a "military coup" that deposed Islamist Mohamed Mursi as president after a year in office.

Separately, a prosecutor ordered the continued detention of seven Al-Azhar students arrested during clashes on Thursday. Judicial sources said the students are being investigated on accusations of membership in a terrorist organisation.

The students are the first to be ordered detained by the prosecutor on accusations of belonging to a terrorist group since the state declared the Brotherhood one on December 25.

That move increased the penalties for dissent against the government installed after the army ousted Mursi in July following mass protests against his rule.

The widening crackdown against the movement that was elected into power after the toppling of veteran leader Hosni Mubarak in 2011 has increased tension in a country suffering the worst internal strife of its modern history following Mursi's ousting.

Constitutional referendum
The army-backed government appears bent on clamping down on dissent ahead of a referendum next month on a new Constitution, a step that will pave the way for parliamentary and presidential elections.

Thousands of Brotherhood members have been arrested. More than 250 supporters were arrested on Friday alone using the new classification.

Analysts say the government decision points to the influence wielded by hawks in security services. Some officials, including Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim, were appointed by Mursi but sided with the army and have been key players in the security crackdown since the Islamist president's ousting.

Human Rights Watch said on Saturday that the government's designation of the Brotherhood as a terrorist group is "politically driven" and intended to end all of the movement's activities.

"By rushing to point the finger at the Brotherhood without investigations or evidence, the government seems motivated solely by its desire to crush a major opposition movement," said Sarah Leah Whitson of the New York-based rights group.

A conservative estimate puts the overall death toll since Mursi's fall at well over 1 500.

No evidence
The government has not provided evidence linking the Brotherhood to the recent attacks on security forces and state institutions.

Authorities accused the Brotherhood of carrying out a suicide attack on a police station that killed 16 people on Tuesday, though it was claimed by a radical faction based in the Sinai Peninsula.

Mustafa Hijazi, adviser to interim president Adly Mansour, said in comments published on Saturday that he believed Egypt would not return to a state of emergency, even if the violence continued.

Authorities lifted the state of emergency in November, three months after the army enforced the measures amid the bloody turmoil that followed its overthrow of Mursi.

Hijazi told London-based Asharq al-Awsat newspaper that the designation of the Brotherhood as a terrorist group was not political. "Instead, it is the use and application of existing laws," he was quoted as saying.

Under the anti-terrorism law dating back to the presidency of Mubarak, those convicted can be jailed for life. Authorities said this week that the movement's leaders could face the death sentence. – Reuters

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