Thandi Modise says a culture of human rights and democratic policing has to be entrenched in the SAPS to ensure excessive force is brought to zero.
The North West premier, in a statement, welcomed the disciplinary action taken against 14 police officers after discontinued and banned shotgun rounds were fired during a service delivery protest in Mothutlung, North West, in which four protesters were killed last week.
"When the actions of those who are supposed to protect our communities erode their rights, we have to be concerned and take actions against those who cross the line," Modise said.
Police Minister Nathi Mthethwa told reporters in Pretoria on Friday that the SSG 12-gauge rounds, which contain pellets, were officially discontinued by the South African Police Service in 2006 and were "not supposed to be used".
Responding to questions, Mthethwa said no "live" ammunition was used by police at the protest. "I explained that there are rounds which are known as SSG, or 12-gauge rounds ... which were not supposed to be used, but that's not live ammunition, it's mainly pellets."
Mthethwa said a police investigation had discovered these rounds were used. "[Police officers] were told about this [at the time]. So this is one area that was not observed, as it were. There will be others as well," he said.
According to police, a total of 185 shots were fired at protesters in Mothutlung last week during the water delivery protests. These included "rubber" shot and the discontinued SSG rounds, two stun grenades and a number of smoke grenades.
'Violent nature of our society
On the protests taking place in North West's platinum belt, Mthethwa said he had warned organisers in a meeting on Thursday to keep them peaceful. "[I told them] the onus is on them to make sure people do not break the law ... They must not abdicate their responsibilities."
He also called for a wider debate on what he called "the violent nature of our society", particularly during protests. He questioned why protesters resorted to violence. "Why, in a democratic country like ours ..., where people are free to express themselves ... , why would people disregard the law, not follow the law, not apply to march?
"And why would people carry weapons? I'm saying that we should look at this matter broadly."
Mthethwa said the police had responded to about 13 000 "crowd-related incidents" last year, of which 1 882 were "violent incidents".
He denied there was a "culture of impunity" within the police.
"We are a caring government, and therefore there is no carte blanche that we give to our officers to kill innocent people who protest."
Three people died and one was fatally wounded on January 13, during protests about water services in Mothutlung.
Two of them were allegedly shot by the police, a third died in a fall from a moving police vehicle, while the fourth, who was shot in the head, died in hospital the next day.
An investigation found the 14 police officers had not complied with certain core internal operational prescripts.
"Further ... the force used to disperse the crowd was disproportionate," Mthethwa said.
He said the 14 police officers faced disciplinary action.
"Six are already suspended. Others are being served with their suspension notices."
The disciplinary process could take up to 60 days.
The police officers included six constables, six warrant officers and two lieutenants.
Modise hoped that once disciplinary proceedings were concluded, the families that lost loved ones would see justice served to find closure.
"All of us have a responsibility to support efforts to restore trust between our communities and the police," she said.
"And contribute towards creating an environment for service delivery within Madibeng local municipality to be accelerated and for corruption to be uprooted." – Sapa