Local police had to disperse a crowd of protesters in Soma as anger swept through the country over the coal mine disaster that has killed hundreds.
Officials have confirmed the deaths of at least 245 miners, saying about 120 are still feared trapped after an explosion and fire in the Soma mine.
An explosion and fire in a coal mine in western Turkey has killed at least four miners and trapped as many as 300 more.
A Gupta-linked colliery has been accused of polluting the Olifants River, a vital source of water for food crop irrigation on farms around Delmas.
Mining firms are steamrolling into the pristine wetlands of Chrissiesmeer, despite a state-imposed moratorium.
In order to move the mineral from Botswana, Transnet and Eskom are going to need help.
Efforts by AgriSA to win R2-million in compensation for coal rights it claims were expropriated by the state have been unsuccessful.
Eskom has withdrawn its intervention in the multi-billion dollar merger between resource companies Glencore and Xstrata.
President Jacob Zuma signed a bilateral energy agreement with Botswana President Ian Khama on August 31 to buy coal from that country.
The ANC wants to ensure the state power utility's future needs are met, but it has also acknowledged the need to move to other energy sources.
But Glencore and Xstrata executives maintain that they are merely consolidating their business.
Choosing the route of a new railway is a tough and imminent decision the government faces.
Botswana will lift a moratorium on new prospecting licences for coal in a bid to optimise benefits from its 212-billion tonnes of coal reserves.
A partly state-owned coal mine in Mpumalanga was forced to close down two months ago due to community violence.
The coal strike currently under way will threaten the immediate ability to provide electricity, say the unions and state power company Eskom.
Mapungubwe National Park's listing as a World Heritage Site hangs in the balance, writes Fiona Macleod.
Eskom has to negotiate for coal from a mine to which it once owned the mineral rights.