Formal, official structures have made only a mixed success of basic education and training.
Non-profit organisations have to grit their teeth against seemingly arbitrary blows of fate.
South Africa needs to promote literacy programmes from women more agressively.
Setas have not failed and are expected to be more successful following consolidation in the system, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande said.
Involving parents and children in a single project benefits both.
Primarashni Gower reports on extensive efforts to spread literacy to adult learners