Palestine's President Mahmud Abbas made history in his people's long quest for statehood as he asked the UN to admit Palestine as a full member state.
The Palestinian Authority has formally asked Israel for talks on changing the Paris Protocol governing economic ties between the two sides.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal buried the hatchet at a Cairo reconciliation ceremony on Wednesday.
Israel seized Hamas leaders and stepped up its Gaza assault on Thursday, intensifying the pressure on Palestinians over the capture of a soldier that threatens to spiral into regional conflict. The body of a Jewish settler abducted by militants was also found dumped in the West Bank, adding to the tensions in the crisis between Israel and the Palestinians.
Fatah elected a new generation of leaders at its first congress in 20 years, including a popular militant jailed in Israel.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas was set to swear in a new Cabinet in the West Bank on Sunday, further sealing the divide sparked by the bloody seizure of the Gaza Strip by his Islamist rivals. Palestinian officials hope the creation of an emergency Cabinet without Hamas will lead to the lifting of a crippling Western aid boycott.
Fatah members were preparing on Friday to elect a new leadership for the first time in 20 years, hoping to breathe new life into the party.
A surprise deal to end decades of rivalry between Fatah and Hamas was on Thursday welcomed by the Palestinian leadership, but denounced by Israel.
The second day of Fatah's first congress in 20 years was marked by acrimonious rows on Wednesday as delegates demanded accountability.
Thousands of Palestinians gathered on Wednesday to mark five years since the death of their iconic leader, Yasser Arafat.