Musicians are in the firing line as insurgent Islamists impose sharia law on two-thirds of the country.
Plans for a gig in London have revived the controversy over Paul Simon's boycott-breaking 1987 album.
For Robin Denselow, walking into the rehearsals of Fela!, it was impossible to stop thinking about the last time he met Fela Kuti.
Senegalese star Baaba Maal was one of the original icons of the 1980s world music boom and he's still finding new ways to cross over.
IN MEMORIAM: In Miriam Makeba's last interview she spoke to Robin Denselow about how hard it was to retire.
Fela Kuti will be "dancing in his grave". That's what his son, Femi, says. The reason? A special concert outside Femi's own Afrika Shrine this month.
When he's not taking calls from Mandela and Tutu, or keeping an eye on Womad, Peter Gabriel still loves a good groove.
Malian kora star Toumani Diabate has been nominated for a BBC World Music Award.
War cries and traditional music fused with American funk, R&B and jazz to fuel a 1960s golden age in Ethiopian music. Robin Denselow reports on a riotous revival.
While the likes of 50 Cent spin gangsta fantasies, rapper K'Naan has the brutal realities of life in war-torn Mogadishu to draw on. Robin Denselow meets Somalia's hip-hop traveller