National commissioner Riah Phiyega's questionable fitness for office is just one of the many problems the SAPS faces, writes David Bruce.
How should we characterise the police actions on the afternoon of August 16 2012 that started with a 10 second burst of gunfire?
As police minister he provided the political guidance that framed the SAPS's actions.
The politician remains vulnerable in the quest to hold those responsible to account.
Statistics suggest there was more than one police unit in the province linked to unlawful killings.
Expect more violence until the acceptance that it is a valid tool of political expression is addressed.
The urgency of the operation may have been to pre-empt Julius Malema from entering the fray.
The recent police statistics again show how the well-off and business control the crime agenda, while street robberies are a much bigger problem.
Since Marikana, the South African police has struggled to balance a stretching budget without compromising quality.
Political intimidation is generally carried out with the approval of dominant political role-players, writes David Bruce.