The last horsemen of the Hunza’s bloodsport

Goal: Horsemen compete for a goat carcass during a game of buzkashi. The ancient game is at risk of extinction in Pakistan, a sign of its diminishing cultural links to Central Asia and  Afghanistan. (Massoud Hossaini/AFP)

Goal: Horsemen compete for a goat carcass during a game of buzkashi. The ancient game is at risk of extinction in Pakistan, a sign of its diminishing cultural links to Central Asia and Afghanistan. (Massoud Hossaini/AFP)

In the Hunza, a remote area in far northern Pakistan surrounded by massive ice-capped peaks, villagers gather to watch a game of buzkashi, an ancient equestrian sport once seen as a test of virility that is now struggling for survival.

Baksh Dil Khan, a retired schoolteacher, is saddling his horse as his wife sprinkles a pinch of flour over the animal for good luck, worried that the snowfall that blankets the Chapursan Valley will make the day’s match too treacherous.

The burly, moustached 52-year-old is one of the sports’ last two dozen players in this region of roughly 2 000 people, which shares a border with Afghanistan to the east and north.

A black goat is led out to the middle of the grounds for the players to inspect. Some pick it up before nodding their approval.

It is taken away, and is soon returned as a headless, disembowelled carcass and placed in a circle in the centre of the field.

This body is the prize the horsemen will jostle over in the game, made up of a series of rounds in which they aim to throw it back into the circle.

Goals are met with shouts of “Halaal” from the crowd, a sign they believe it was legitimately scored.

Buzkashi is a way for players to show off their equestrian skills and manliness, but there are also prizes and cash to secure.

Baksh has won $40, three packs of cigarettes and a cellphone.

“I almost broke my neck for these cigarettes and I am not even a smoker,” he jokes. He fell twice from his horse during the game.

Unlike in Afghanistan or Central Asia, where the sport remains vibrant, Baksh fears the tradition will die out in Pakistan.

“It is dying down and there are only half a dozen old players left, the new generation is not taking much interest in the game and we have only around a dozen young players,” he explains.

Now even finding enough horses can be difficult because many locals have sold their steeds to buy modern comforts, says 38-year-old Taj Muhammad. “Buzkashi will be just an event of the past, a story for our children,” he muses.

For Aziz Ali Dad, a cultural anthropologist, the decline of the blood sport is a sign of Pakistan’s diminishing cultural ties with Central Asia, where the game originated.

In Hunza, it has long been a mainstay of the Wakhi people, who are also found in Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang in China.

But Aziz says the lack of contact between them today means buzkashi is “on the verge of extinction in Pakistan”.

Defiant, Baksh vows to ride on. “I will continue to play even if I am the last player. The game should at least survive until my death.” — AFP

Client Media Releases

NHBRC trains persons with disabilities in construction skills
Rosebank College opens new Connected Campus in Bloemfontein
iMed Tech a finalist for innovation in breast prosthesis
Take a pledge against distracted driving on 15 December
MTN offers another Mega Deals weekend
AWS Direct connect available at Teraco's SA data centres
R72/3 between Port Alfred and Great Fish River completed
Building a culture of continuous learning