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13 Nov 2005 09:20
Doctors have begun immunising more than one million children against infectious diseases in crowded camps for Pakistani earthquake survivors, as rivals Pakistan and India move tentatively toward better relations with a further exchange of relief materials.
About 800Â 000 children are being immunised in hard-hit Kashmir for diseases including measles, polio, diphtheria and tetanus, said Dr Edward Hoekstra, a senior health adviser for the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef).
Shots will also include vitamin A to guard against respiratory illnesses expected as harsh winter weather descends on the Himalayan region, Hoekstra said.
A similar campaign is already under way in Pakistan’s North West Frontier province, which was also devastated by the quake. In all, Unicef and the Pakistani health ministry plan to immunise 1,2-million children.
“Now, the mourning period is over and everybody is ready to move forward to make sure that those who carry the future will be protected,” Hoekstra said Saturday in the Pakistan Kashmir hub of Muzaffarabad, where fresh snow dusted nearby Himalayan peaks.
“We are starting in the most inaccessible areas in case the weather turns bad in the next two weeks,” he said.
In a third exchange of aid since the October 8 quake, porters from Pakistan and India carried sacks of rice and blankets across a bridge over the Neelum River at the Nauseri-Teethwal crossing.
Area residents voiced frustration at delays in implementing a much-heralded agreement to allow Kashmiris from either side of the divided region to cross over to visit relatives and friends.
“I wish I could have crossed over to see my relatives.
This does not make sense,” said Teethwal resident Abdul Qadeer, sitting on the Indian side of the river.
The two sides agreed on October 30 to open five crossing points. Plans for reunions have been delayed in part because both countries need to scrutinise lists of travellers, and India fears separatist Muslim militants fighting New Delhi’s rule in Indian-administered Kashmir may be among them.
The 7,6-magnitude quake killed about 86Â 000 people in Pakistan’s portion of the territory and another 1Â 350 in India. It destroyed bridges, roads and homes across a wide swathe.
Quake relief, compensation for lost livelihoods and reconstruction costs will total about $5,2-billion, the Asian Development Bank and World Bank said in a report that will be used at a two-day donors’ conference opening Friday on in the Pakistani capital.
The quake destroyed homes of more than three million people and aid agencies have been busy distributing tents for survivors descending from remote, high-elevation settlements to seek shelter in regional hubs.—Sapa-AP
Associated Press writers Matthew Pennington in Muzaffarabad, and Rafiq Maqbool in Teethwal, India, contributed to this report
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