Space shuttle Endeavour launches with Japanese lab

The United States space shuttle Endeavour blasted off from a seaside Florida launch pad on Tuesday to deliver part of a long-awaited Japanese space laboratory and a Canadian-built robotic system to the International Space Station (ISS).

Piercing the still of night with a thunderous boom and a flash of white-hot flame, the spaceship lifted off from the Kennedy Space Centre at 2.28am local time and disappeared swiftly into clouds to begin a 16-day flight.

“We’d like to say konnichiwa, domo arigato and banzai [hello, thank you and banzai],” commander Dominic Gorie said shortly before lift-off, speaking some Japanese in a nod to that country’s important role in the mission.

“God truly has blessed us with a beautiful night here to launch, so let’s light ‘em up and give ‘em a show.”

With the arrival of Japan’s lab, all 15 partner countries in the space-station venture—the US, Russia, Canada, Japan and 11 members of the European Space Agency—are represented in orbit. Europe’s first permanent space lab, Columbus, was delivered to the station last month.

The $100-billion space station is 60% complete after a decade of construction and must be finished by the time the three remaining US space shuttles are retired in 2010.

Endeavour, thrust by its three main engines and two solid rocket boosters that were jettisoned on the way up to a speed of more than 28 000km/h, was carrying the first part of the elaborate Japanese space laboratory called Kibo, meaning “hope”.

About the size of a double-decker bus, Kibo will be the station’s largest laboratory and the only one with facilities for art, along with experiment racks for biomedical studies, fluid physics research and life science.

The main part of the laboratory is scheduled for launch in May and the final part—an external porch for experiments in vacuum—next year. Much of its equipment and computers are inside the storage chamber riding aboard Endeavour.

“We finally became a real partner of the ISS project, not just one of the members on the list,” said Keiji Tachikawa, president of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

Safety checks

After a safety inspection in orbit to check for damage during launch, Endeavour is scheduled to slip into a berthing port at the station on Wednesday.

There were a couple of problems on the way up—a cooling system and instruments monitoring three of the shuttle thruster jets failed—but LeRoy Cain, head of the mission management team, said neither would be an issue for the flight.

Delivering the first part of Kibo is only the beginning of a complicated 12-day mission at the station, which includes five spacewalks by the Endeavour crew.

Two outings are reserved for the assembly of the Canadian-built robotic system named Dextre, which adds manual dexterity and another 9m of reach to the station’s mobile crane.

One of the Endeavour astronauts, Garrett Reisman, will remain aboard the space station, replacing French astronaut Leopold Eyharts, who will return to Earth.

Spacewalking astronauts will also test a heat-shield repair technique developed after the 2003 Columbia disaster so damaged shuttles have a better chance of surviving re-entry.

Columbia was hit by falling debris during launch that broke through heat panels on one of its wings.
The shuttle was torn apart as it flew through the atmosphere for landing.—Reuters

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