Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

Polio returns to cripple Angola and its neighbours

Linda Afonso’s right leg is stiff and atrophied but she does not know the name of the disease that made it that way.

The 13-year-old lives in Cacuaco, a sprawling slum in the northern suburbs of the Angolan capital, Luanda. When she was a small child, her leg became partially paralysed.

“My parents took me to the hospital, but they couldn’t do anything,” she said.

Afonso doesn’t know the name of her disease because polio, the acute viral infection that can cause irreversible paralysis or death, was eradicated in Angola in 2002, shortly after she caught it.

Despite Angola’s crumbling health infrastructure and poor sanitation in the slums of Luanda — where thousands of refugees fled during the country’s 27-year civil war — health workers managed to eliminate new polio infections from 2002 to 2005.

But just as anti-polio campaigners chalked up another victory in the international fight against the disease, a strain of the virus reappeared, thought to have been carried by Indian workers employed on post-war rebuilding projects.

In 2010, Angola registered 32 new cases of polio in the Luanda area, in the east of the country and in the exclave province of Cabinda.

The virus also spread to two neighbouring countries where it had been considered eradicated — 93 cases were reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and 50 in Congo.

The region was responsible for two-thirds of the cases recorded in Africa last year.

“We imported the polio virus from India and unfortunately exported it to Congo and the DRC,” said Health Minister Jose Van-Dunem.

“That’s why we have the responsibility, from a moral standpoint, to eradicate it.”

Key front in global war on polio
A high-level delegation from various international organisations, including the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef), last month visited Angola and extracted a promise from President José Eduardo dos Santos of his “personal commitment” to the anti-polio campaign.

The government has pledged to vaccinate Angola’s 5,6-million children under the age of five by the end of the year.

“Angola now is almost the most important front in the global war on polio, and the whole world is watching to see how we do here,” Unicef executive director Anthony Lake said during the visit.

“The [vaccination] campaign’s beginning in a couple of months here. We hope that with the support of the president we will succeed next year and that will be a giant step forward to what would be an historic moment.”

But tackling the polio resurgence will take more than just vaccinations.

Health officials also face the difficult job of bringing clean water to more households and building infrastructure for sanitation and water treatment, since polio is highly contagious and is transmitted through faeces.

During rainy season in the slums of Luanda, water floods the streets and forms muddy puddles that pose a health threat to neighbourhood children.

These areas also suffer severe shortages of drinking water. The luckier households have access to public taps, others spend much of their income on bottled water.

On the road to Cacuaco, at the spot where an open sewer spills into Luanda Bay, dozens of children are playing in a stream of dirty water.

“This stagnated water is like fire to these children, because it’s definitely contaminated with faeces and other bacteria,” says Edson Monteiro, a water and sanitation expert with Unicef in Angola.

“While they’re playing, water can come into their mouth and they can contract cholera or polio.”- AFP

Subscribe to the M&G

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them.

Related stories

WELCOME TO YOUR M&G

If you’re reading this, you clearly have great taste

If you haven’t already, you can subscribe to the Mail & Guardian for less than the cost of a cup of coffee a week, and get more great reads.

Already a subscriber? Sign in here

Advertising

Subscribers only

‘Exciting’ ramp-up for Covid jabs

As more vaccines arrive in the country, South Africa could administer 420 000 doses a day

Mokgoro was party to talks of his resignation

The North West premier has defied the interim provincial committee’s decision

More top stories

Grocers reap tidy profits from liquor

Covid-19 bans on alcohol and the recent violence have exposed just how important booze sales are to retailers that once only filled trolleys with food

Riots leave the dead unburied and the living at risk

Crematoriums, funeral parlours and cemeteries were forced to close, leaving the families of those who died during the unrest to live with their bodies.

‘Exciting’ ramp-up for Covid jabs

As more vaccines arrive in the country, South Africa could administer 420 000 doses a day

Mokgoro was party to talks of his resignation

The North West premier has defied the interim provincial committee’s decision
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…
×