Ghana’s public holiday palaver

Every year, on September 21, Ghana marks Founder’s Day with parades, speeches and a day off work. But this year may be the last time that the public holiday occurs in its current format.

Overshadowing this year’s festivities is a dispute over when the day should be celebrated — a dispute that cuts to the heart of a broader debate about who really created modern Ghana.

If current President Nana Akufo-Addo gets his way, this will be the last Founder’s Day to be celebrated on September 21, the birthday of Kwame Nkrumah, who became Ghana’s first prime minister and then president after the Gold Coast attained independence from Britain in 1957.

Akufo-Addo is introducing legislation to move the celebration to August 4, and to expand its remit: instead of honouring just Nkrumah, the holiday would now celebrate the “Big Six” liberation heroes who led the fight for Ghana’s independence.

Founder’s Day will become Founders’ Day.


The new date will commemorate when, 70 years ago, the United Gold Coast Convention was founded — Ghana’s first political party.

It makes sense, at first glance. For all that Nkrumah was a visionary leader, he was not the only one. Why should he get all the glory? Why should Ghana not celebrate its other heroes?

“It is clear that successive generations of Ghanaians made vital contributions to the liberation of our country from imperialism and colonialism. It is, therefore, fitting that we honour them, as those who contributed to the founding of our nation,” said a statement released by the presidency.

Confusingly, Nkrumah will still be honoured in his own right. The presidency also announced the creation of a new public holiday: Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day, to be celebrated on September 21.

The plan to change the date of the public holiday provoked instant controversy, drawing support and condemnation in equal measure.

[Ghana’s new president Nana Akufo-Addo (top) is currently trying to change the title of the country’s independence day to reflect more liberation heroes than just Nkrumah (Luc Gnago, Reuters)]

“The project to liberate Ghana from colonial rule started and was contributed to by many, many people; so many years even before Nkrumah arrived in his country. If we want to deal with the issues as objectivity demands, then it is quite unacceptable to say that just one person established Ghana,” said Kojo Opoku Aiddo, a political analyst, speaking to Joy News.

But critics have objected to the proposed new date. They question the president’s motivation for the decision, noting that one of the “Big  Six” is none other than Edward Akufo-Addo, the president’s father and another, JB Danquah, is the president’s uncle.

“To the president, this is not about the history of Ghana … it is about his ancestry,” said a spokesperson for the opposition Convention People’s Party, which has pledged to return to the original date should they take power in 2020.

Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, a politics lecturer at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, said the August  4 gathering was not nearly as significant as Akufo-Addo would have the nation believe.

“The move by the president will only create division among Ghanaians because the proposed celebration lacks the basis in Ghana’s history, which will not bring national cohesion,” he told local media.

Among the competing viewpoints, it is fitting that it fell to Kwame Nkrumah’s daughter, Samia Nkrumah, to speak the most sense.

“I would imagine Kwame Nkrumah would not like to see the country divided over this matter. We should rather engage in Nkrumah’s revolutionary ideas and policies,” she said.

“Dr Nkrumah laid the foundation for industrialisation. Where are we today? He laid the foundation for economic emancipation. Where are we today? Under Nkrumah’s guidance in the Sixties, we began controlling our economy, our resources, our national production, our gold and foreign currency reserves. Today where are we? These are the issues we want our youth to be talking about.” 

Subscribe to the M&G

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. To help us continue for another 35 future years with the same proud values, please consider taking out a subscription.

Simon Allison
Simon Allison
Africa Editor for @MailandGuardian. Also @ISSAfrica.

Related stories

Who is an Africanist, really?

Pan-Africanism is an ever-evolving ideology, without a set rubric, and is dependent on one's interpretation

Mr President, just tell us the truth

President John Magufuli has been widely criticised for his lacklustre response to the coronavirus pandemic, even as case numbers in Tanzania increase. Mwanahamisi Singano says that Tanzanians have a right to expect more

Review: A masterful look at five decades of African development

‘Know The Beginning Well’ is an insightful peek into the life of KY Amoako and the fascinating work he has done on the continent

The Nkrumahs’ marriage was no match made in heaven

This almost forgotten song, written at a time when many African countries had gained their independence, can provide hope during our era of persistent xenophobia

Higher-education institutions around Africa close as the world combats Covid-19

Several countries, including Kenya and Senegal, have ordered their tertiary education institutions to shut down in an effort to stop the spread of coronavirus

Africa’s youth must continue the struggle of great leaders

Our continent is not just united geographically, but also by our shared experiences and we should use that to build a bright future
Advertising

New education policy on gender violence released

Universities and other higher education institutions have to develop ways of preventing or dealing with rape and other damaging behaviour

Cambridge Food Jozini: Pandemic or not, the price-gouging continues

The Competition Commission has fined Cambridge Food Jozini for hiking the price of its maize meal during April

Sekhukhune’s five-year battle for water back in court

The residents of five villages are calling for the district municipal manager to be arrested

Vaccine trial results due in December

If successful, it will then have to be manufactured and distributed
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday