The 30th anniversary of the 1976 Soweto Uprising provides an occasion to reflect on the legacy of these remarkable events. Many believe that the 1970s initiated a new phase in the struggle against apartheid. In his book <i>Citizen and Subject</i>, Mahmood Mamdani argues that this period marked a shift from the exile-based armed resistance to a broad internal popular struggle.
Unemployment, poverty and inequality have all grown; and an HIV/Aids epidemic of tragic proportions has unfolded...Since January 2003 a research project on social movements has been conducted jointly between the Centre for Civil Society and the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Richard Ballard, manager of the project, reflects on some of the initial findings.