Bombing at Baghdad university kills 65

An explosion outside a Baghdad university as students were heading home for the day killed at least 65 people on Tuesday in the deadliest of several attacks on predominantly Shi’ite areas. The attack came on a day the United Nations said more than 34 000 Iraqi civilians died last year in sectarian violence.

Attacks in Baghdad—the university explosion, blasts at a marketplace for used motorcycles and a drive-by shooting—came as at least 109 people were killed or found dead nationwide in what appeared to be a final spasm of violence ahead of an imminent security operation by the Iraqi government and United States forces to

secure the capital.

The violence also came a day after the Iraqi government hanged two of Saddam Hussein’s henchmen in an execution that left many of the ousted leader’s fellow Sunni Muslims seething after one of the accused, the ousted leader’s half brother, was decapitated on the gallows.

Cabinet ministers and legislators loyal to the radical Shi’ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr were instructed to end their six-week boycott of the political process, a parliamentarian in the political bloc said on Tuesday, indicating that the decision was linked to the new security drive.

“We might be subjected to an attack and we should try solve the problem politically. We should not give a chance for a military strike against us,” said the legislator, speaking on condition of anonymity because the information was not yet public.

The lawmaker said the group’s return was conditional, including demands that the government set up a committee to establish a timetable for the withdrawal of US troops and a second that would set a date by which Iraqi forces were to take control of security nationwide.

Until the walkout, the al-Sadr faction was an integral part of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s governing coalition.
Six Cabinet ministers and 30 legislators who belong to the movement called the boycott after al-Maliki met with President Bush in Jordan in late November.

Much of the violence has been blamed on Shi’ite militias, particularly the Mehdi Army militia loyal al-Sadr. Dozens of bodies turn up on the streets of Baghdad daily, many showing signs of torture.

Tuesday’s largest attacks took place in primarily Shi’ite neighbourhoods and appeared to be the work of Sunnis, who largely make up the insurgency targeting the Iraqi government and US forces.

Raad Abbas, a 26-year-old who received shrapnel wounds in the attack at the motorcycle market that killed 13, said he went to the market because the city had been quieter over the past two weeks.

“Shortly after midday, I heard an explosion. Motorcycles were flying in the air, people were falling dead and wounded,” he said from his hospital bed.

As the curious gathered to look at the aftermath of the first explosion—a bomb attached to a motorcycle—a suicide car bomber drove into the crowd and blew up his vehicle. The attack appeared to target the mainly Shi’ite neighbourhood near the market but also was near the Sheik al-Gailani shrine, one of the holiest Sunni

locations in the capital The bombing near Al-Mustansiriya University took place as

students were boarding minivans waiting outside the building to take them home, police said. Some police saying the explosion was caused by a suicide car bomber and others saying two of the minivans blew up as students were boarding.

About 45 minutes later, gunmen in a minivan and on two motorcycles opened fire on an outdoor market in a mainly Shi’ite neighbourhood in nearby section of eastern Baghdad, police said. At least 11 people were killed.

While most of those killed were in Baghdad, two Christian brothers and a Sunni Arab mechanic were shot to death in two separate attacks in Mosul, police said. They also found the bullet-riddled body of a man in his 30s in the northern city, which also has seen a recent increase of violence.

Gianni Magazzeni, the chief of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq in Baghdad, said 34 452 civilians were killed—an average of 94 per day—and 36 685 were wounded last year in sectarian violence.

The Iraqi Health Ministry did not comment on the UN report, which was based on information released by the Iraqi government and hospitals. The government has disputed previous figures released by the UN as “inaccurate and exaggerated”.

Iraqi government figures announced in early January put last year’s civilian death toll at 12 357. When asked about the difference, Magazzeni said the UN figures were compiled from information obtained through the Iraqi Health Ministry, hospitals across the country and the Medico-Legal Institute in Baghdad.

He also criticised the government, saying urgent action was needed to re-establish law and order in the country.

“Without significant progress in the rule of law sectarian violence will continue indefinitely and eventually spiral out of control,” he warned.

The UN report also said that 30 842 people were detained in the country as of December 31, including 14 534 in detention facilities run by US-led multinational forces.

It pointed to killings targeting police, who are seen by insurgents as collaborating with the US effort in Iraq. The report said the Interior Ministry had reported on December 24 that 12 000 police officers had been killed since the war started in 2003.

The report also painted a grim picture for other sectors of Iraqi society, saying the violence has disrupted education by forcing schools and universities to close as well as sending professionals fleeing from the country. At least 470 094 people throughout Iraq have been forced to leave their homes since the bombing in Samarra, according to the report.

In Monday’s execution, a thickset Barzan Ibrahim plunged through the trap door and was beheaded by the jerk of the thick rope at the end of his fall, in the same execution chamber where Saddam was hanged a little over two weeks earlier.

Dozens of people, mostly schoolchildren, read Qur’anic verses at the graves near Tikrit, 130km north of Baghdad, as mourning continued for Ibrahim, Saddam’s half brother and former intelligence chief, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, head of Iraq’s Revolutionary Court under Saddam.

Some 150 youths also staged a demonstration, chanting “down with the pro-Iranian government” and “glory to Barzan,” and hundreds later assembled for a memorial service, but it was calmer than the day before when at least 3 000 angry Sunnis assembled for the burials in nearby Ouja.

A government video of the hanging, played at a briefing for reporters, showed Ibrahim’s body passing the camera in a blur. The body came to rest on its chest while the severed head lay a few yards away, still wearing the black hood pulled on moments before by one of Ibrahim’s five masked executioners. - Sapa-AP

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