Christians given three days to flee Nigeria's north

A purported spokesperson for Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram has issued an ultimatum to Christians in the country’s north and threatened troops after the president declared a state of emergency in hard-hit areas.

Meanwhile, Nigeria began sealing off part of its border in the country’s north-east as part of the emergency declaration while security agencies plotted their next move in dealing with the Islamists.

Abul Qaqa, who has spoken on behalf of the group blamed for scores of attacks in Africa’s most populous nation numerous times in the past, said he was giving southerners living in the north a three-day ultimatum to leave.

“We find it pertinent to state that soldiers will only kill innocent Muslims in the local government areas where the state of emergency was declared,” he told journalists in a phone conference late on Sunday.

“We would confront them squarely to protect our brothers.”

Speaking in the Hausa language common throughout the north, Qaqa said “We also wish to call on our fellow Muslims to come back to the north because we have evidence that they would be attacked.

“We are also giving a three-day ultimatum to the southerners living in the northern part of Nigeria to move away.”

Religious targeting
Boko Haram is believed to include different factions with varying aims, its structure remains unclear and other people have claimed to speak on its behalf.

Nigeria’s 160-million population is roughly divided between a mainly Muslim north and predominantly Christian south.

Muslims have been victims of Boko Haram attacks but a wave of Christmas Day bombings, particularly targeting churches, set off fears of retaliation from Christians.

President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency on Saturday in parts of four states hard hit by violence blamed on Boko Haram.

The declaration came in response to scores of attacks attributed to Boko Haram, particularly the bombings on Christmas that killed 49 people, most of them in a gruesome blast at a Catholic church as services were ending.

While Boko Haram has been carrying out increasingly deadly attacks for months, including an August suicide bombing of UN headquarters in Abuja that left 25 dead, the Christmas violence sparked intense fear and outrage.

It also led to warnings from Christian leaders that they would defend themselves if such attacks continued, raising deep concern.

Shaky foundation
While declaring the state of emergency in Africa’s largest oil producer, Jonathan acknowledged that the attacks “have threatened our collective security and shaken the foundations of our corporate existence as a nation”.

It was declared in parts of the states of Borno state, where Boko Haram has traditionally had its base, as well as Niger, Plateau and Yobe states.

Borders are also to be closed in hard-hit areas and residents in the north-east on Monday reported that the frontier with Cameroon in that area was being shut.

One resident who crosses into neighbouring Cameroonian villages to hawk petrol said he was not allowed to cross at the Banki frontier. Military personnel had taken over the border post, he said.

“They are heavily armed and have taken control of the border,” he said.

“They have stopped all cross-border movements. I tried crossing the border through the other two border posts but the situation is the same.
All the borders are sealed.”

In the north-eastern city of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, residents reported increased patrols on Monday. Soldiers had been entering homes in search of weapons and bombs, they said.

After the searches, soldiers told residents to report any unusual behaviour or abandoned vehicles which may contain planted bombs.—AFP

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