To enjoy the full Mail & Guardian online experience: please upgrade your browser
22 Jun 2014 11:55
US Secretary of State John Kerry and Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri (right) at a hotel in Cairo on June 22. (Brendan Smialowski, Reuters)
US Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Cairo on Sunday for talks with President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi over Egypt’s crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood
and the threat which the conflict in Iraq poses to the Middle East.
Kerry is the highest-ranking US official to visit Egypt since Sisi, the
former military leader who toppled Islamist President Mohamed Morsi after mass
protests last year, won a presidential election in May.
His visit comes a day after an Egyptian court confirmed death sentences
against 183 members of Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood, including its leader Mohamed
Badie, in a mass trial on charges of violence in which one policeman was
The United States has said it looks forward to working with Sisi’s
government but also expressed concerns over widespread human rights abuses and
limits on freedom of expression.
“We have serious concerns about the political environment,” said a
senior State Department official who briefed reporters en route to Cairo.
Still, the official said there had been “a few flickering signs of
positive movement” in recent weeks. Among these was the release of an al-Jazeera journalist, steps to start addressing sexual violence against women
and Sisi’s call during his first Cabinet meeting for the revision of the human
The United States, which has counted on Egypt as a close Middle East ally
for decades following its 1979 peace treaty with US ally Israel, froze some of
the $1.3-billion in annual military aid to Egypt following Morsi’s overthrow.
About $575-million in suspended funds have been released over the past 10
days and will be used to pay existing defence contracts, the State Department
Washington has also said it will provide 10 Apache attack helicopters to
help soldiers battling burgeoning militancy in the Sinai peninsula.
The Obama administration has made clear that the remaining funds, which
require congressional approval, will be released once there is evidence that Sisi’s
government is ruling in truly democratic fashion, the senior State Department
During his meeting in Egypt Kerry will press Sisi to release imprisoned
journalists and will raise concerns about the mass trials and death sentences
of Muslim Brotherhood supporters, the official said.
“Those trials are a serious issue of due process concern for us and for
others in the international community,” the official said, adding:
“The judiciary is responding to a political environment that the
government has created.”
The official said the United States did not believe that the Muslim
Brotherhood posed a security threat to Egypt and had seen no information that
substantiated a link to terrorist groups.
The official said the US had asked Egypt to share the evidence
“but at present we do not have that information”.
“We believe that in a general sense the Egyptian government needs to
have a politically inclusive approach, which means that they need to include,
and find ways to reach out to, the Muslim Brotherhood,” the official said.
Kerry’s visit is part of a broader tour of the Middle East and Europe.
said on Friday he would dispatch Kerry to the region for talks on the conflict
While in Egypt, Kerry will meet members of the Arab League.
The official said he would underscore during those talks the severity of the
threat posed by Sunni militants to Iraq, the region, and the United States, and
the need for Iraqi leaders to form a government not divided along sectarian
“We ask that they are echoing the same message that we are
The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), an al-Qaeda offshoot, has
seized swaths of territory in north-west and central Iraq including the city of Mosul.
It has taken large amounts of weaponry from fleeing Iraqi troops and looted
World powers are deadlocked over the crises in Iraq and Syria. Mainly
Shi’ite Iran has said it will not hesitate to protect Shi’ite shrines if asked
by Baghdad but Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia has warned Tehran to stay out of Iraq.
Egypt, a mainly Sunni Muslim nation, has the Middle East’s largest army but
its military forces have played only a limited regional role since they joined
a US-led coalition to evict Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991.
US President Barack Obama has offered up to 300 US special forces advisers
to help the Iraqi government recapture territory seized by the Islamic State
fighters and other Sunni armed groups across north and west Iraq.
But he has held off granting a request for air
strikes to protect the government and renewed a call for Iraq’s long-serving
Shi’ite prime minister, Nuri al-Maliki, to do more to overcome sectarian
divisions that have fuelled resentment among the Sunni minority. - Reuters
Create Account | Lost Your Password?