Higher energy prices push up US consumer inflation

Surging energy prices pushed consumer inflation in the United States up by the largest amount in nearly a year in March.

Meanwhile, industrial output fell for the second time in the past three months, reflecting a big drop in production at the nation’s utilities because of the warmer-than-usual weather.

The Federal Reserve said that output edged down 0,2% in March as utility production dropped by 7%. That was enough to offset a solid 0,7% rise in factory production.

The closely watched consumer price index (CPI) rose 0,6% in March, the biggest increase since a similar rise in April of last year. Energy prices surged by 5,9% last month, the largest one-month increase since September 2005, when Hurricane Katrina shut down Gulf Coast refineries.

However, outside of energy, many prices moderated last month; food costs slowed after two months of big gains that had reflected crop damage in winter growing areas.

Core inflation, which excludes volatile energy and food, posted a tiny 0,1% rise last month, the smallest increase in three months.
It was better than the 0,2% rise that Wall Street had been expecting and should ease fears that this year’s jump in energy prices will become embedded in higher prices for other products.

The 0,2% dip in industrial production in March followed a 0,8% rise in February and a 0,4% fall in January.

Analysts discounted the big plunge in utility production as weather-related and focused more on the 0,7% rise in manufacturing output, the strongest showing in this category since December.

In other economic news, the US Commerce Department said that construction of new homes posted a second consecutive monthly increase, rising by 0,8% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,518-million units. In February, housing construction rose by 7,6%.

While the March construction figure was helped by unseasonably warm weather, the government reported that applications for new building permits also rose during the month, increasing by 0,8%. It was the first such advance in three months.

The rise in inflation ate into workers’ pay cheques, with weekly earnings after adjusting for price increases declining by 0,1% in March. That was the biggest drop since a 0,3% decline in January. Over the past 12 months, inflation-adjusted weekly pay is up 1,6%, the smallest 12-month gain since last August.

The CPI report showed that prices for the first three months of this year are rising at an annual rate of 4,7%, far above the 2,5% price increase for all of 2006. The acceleration reflected this year’s surge in energy costs, which are up 22,9% at an annual rate compared with a 2,9% for all of 2006, a year when prices soared at the beginning of the year but then retreated in the fall.

The average price for gasoline has surged by 71,1 cents over the past 11 weeks, according to a survey by the US Energy Information Administration. A gallon of gasoline cost $2,876 on average nationwide last week.

The Federal Reserve has kept interest rates unchanged since last June when it pushed a key rate up for the 17th consecutive time in an effort to make sure that inflation did not get out of control.

Financial markets have been hoping that the sluggish economy would prompt the Fed to start cutting rates soon. But Fed officials continue to signal that they remain more concerned about inflation than they do weak economic growth. For March, the moderate 0,1% rise in prices outside of food and energy was helped by a big 1% drop in clothing prices, the largest one-month decline in nearly six years.

The cost of medical care, often one of the areas showing the biggest increases, moderated in March, rising by just 0,1%. That reflected a 0,4% drop in prescription-drug prices.—Sapa-AP

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