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18 Jan 2009 06:57
The skies over Gaza remained calm on Sunday morning for the first time in 22 days as Israel unilaterally halted the onslaught that has killed more than 1 200 Palestinians and levelled vast swathes of the Hamas-run enclave.
A nervous peace reigned in the impoverished territory of 1,5-million people in the absence of any immediate reports of a breach of the ceasefire, begun at 2am local time.
An army spokesperson confirmed that the order to stand down had gone into effect.
However, the duration of the ceasefire is still in doubt after Hamas said it would not accept the presence of a single Israeli soldier in the territory, while Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said the ceasefire should be followed by a full pull-out.
Egypt will host an international summit on Sunday afternoon attended by several European leaders and United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon, to seek a lasting truce between Israel and Hamas.
Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian President, said on Saturday his country “will continue its efforts as soon as there is a ceasefire to restore the truce and lift the blockade” imposed by Israel on crossing points into Gaza.
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert announced after a meeting of his security Cabinet he was calling an immediate end to offensive operations but added that troops would stay in Gaza for the time being with orders to return fire if attacked.
“At two o’clock in the morning we will stop fire but we will continue to be deployed in Gaza and its surroundings,” Olmert said in a speech after the vote.
“We have reached all the goals of the war, and beyond,” he added.
Defence Minister Ehud Barak acknowledged there was “no guarantee” that Hamas would stop firing rockets but said the army would hit back “severely”.
“The army will stay as needed and if Hamas continues to fire, the army will fire back severely and will be ready to follow and intensify its operations as necessary,” he said.
The response from Hamas, an Islamist group that has ruled Gaza since June 2007 and is sworn to the destruction of the Jewish state, stopped short of an outright threat to continue the rocket attacks.
“We will not accept the presence of a single soldier in Gaza,” Fawzi Barhum, a Gaza-based Hamas spokesperson, said, before restating the movement’s demands for a complete Israeli withdrawal and the opening of Gaza’s border crossings.
“Hamas received a hard blow”
One of the main aims of Israel’s offensive has been to put a halt to rocket and mortar attacks, but more than 30 projectiles were fired from Gaza on Saturday, including eight fired after Olmert’s announcement.
In the hours leading up to the security Cabinet meeting, Israel kept lobbing shells into the densely populated urban area, while to the north in Beit Lahiya a UN-run school was set ablaze by bombs.
Two brothers, aged five and seven, were killed and another dozen people wounded in the attack, in which burning embers trailing smoke rained down on a school where about 1 600 people were sheltering, setting parts of it alight.
Ban called the fourth such attack on a UN-run school during the war “outrageous” and demanded a thorough investigation.
During the course of the war, schools, hospitals, UN compounds and thousands of homes all came under attack, with the Palestinian Authority putting the cost of damage to infrastructure alone at about $470-million.
At least 1 206 Palestinians, including 410 children, have been killed since the start of Israel’s deadliest-ever assault on the territory on December 27, according to Gaza medics, who said another 5 300 people have been wounded.
Those slain in the war also include 109 women, 113 elderly people, 14 paramedics, and four journalists, according to Dr Muawiya Hassanein, the head of Gaza emergency services.
Since the start of the operation 10 Israeli soldiers and three civilians have been killed in combat or in rocket strikes. The army says more than 700 rockets and mortar rounds have been fired into Israel during that period.
The halt to the violence came after the Jewish state won pledges from Washington and Cairo to help prevent arms smuggling into Gaza, designated to form part of the Palestinians’ promised future state, along with the larger West Bank region.
The ceasefire comes less than a month before Israel holds elections when Olmert, who formally resigned last autumn, is due to stand down.
The premier, whose reputation was badly damaged by a 2006 war in Lebanon seen by many Israelis as a disaster, said the Gaza war had “strengthened the deterrence of the state of Israel in the face of all those who threaten us”.
“Hamas received a hard blow.
Its leaders are hiding.
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