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21 Oct 2009 08:06
The heads of more than half of Afghanistan’s district election offices will be replaced to prevent fraud in a second-round presidential election critical to the country’s credibility and foreign support.
After days of diplomatic wrangling, President Hamid Karzai on Tuesday agreed to face a second round of voting in Afghanistan’s disputed election after a UN-led fraud inquiry tossed out enough of his votes to trigger a run-off.
Karzai will now face his main rival Abdullah Abdullah in a November 7 run-off, more than two months after Afghans went to the polls.
“More than half of the district field coordinators are being replaced to prevent any attempted fraud or because there have been complaints made against them by candidates and observers,” said UN spokesperson Aleem Siddique in Kabul on Wednesday.
Siddique said 200 district election chiefs from the government-appointed election commission were fired after the UN-backed fraud watchdog found evidence of widespread fraud and vote-fixing. There are 380 districts in Afghanistan.
Karzai’s decision to accept a run-off has eased tensions with the West and removed one stumbling block for US President Barack Obama as he weighs whether to send thousands more troops to Afghanistan to fight a resurgent Taliban.
Many within Obama’s Democratic Party have spoken out against sending more troops, while Republican opponents say his lengthy deliberations on a new strategy are undermining U.S.
troops and emboldening the Taliban.
Rift over strategy?
US Secretary of Defence Robert Gates dismissed reports of rifts between Obama’s military and civilian advisers on the Afghan war strategy.
“These rumours of some kind of rift are just not accurate and do not reflect the close working effort between our military and civilians,” Gates told a news conference on Wednesday during a visit to Japan.
Gates said the problems over the legitimacy of the Afghan government would not be resolved by a run-off alone and described the situation as an “evolutionary process”.
“Clearly, having the run-off, getting it behind us and then moving forward is very important, ” he said.
Election officials now face a logistical nightmare, having just over two weeks to prepare for a second round of voting in a race against the fast-encroaching harsh Afghan winter, which makes much of the mountainous country inaccessible.
Siddique said Nato and the Independent Election Commission would meet on Wednesday to discuss preparations for the second round.
“All the ballot materials are now in the country and are being packed ready for distribution to the provinces,” he said.
A second round of voting also carries great security implications.
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