Crowded Moz classrooms drive kids to night school

At 8pm Joana Charles waits outside her class for her history teacher at a school in Mozambique’s capital, while hundreds of children run and play and shout in the dark.

Lights from the single-story classrooms throw yellow pools on the sandy playground, while in one corner a few group around a popcorn machine. Though most of the class’s 62 students left when the teacher did not come, Joana is hopeful.

“Patience brings victory,” says the 31-year-old mother stoically.

“Perhaps when you leave, the teacher comes, then you miss the lesson,” she said.

Her challenges are routine for students in one of the world’s poorest countries, which is struggling to educate not only its youth, but also adults who missed out on schooling during decades of war.

Classes have an average of 66 students per teacher, and schools run in three shifts from 7am to 10pm to cope with the numbers.

After starting a family, Joana returned to school with classmates half her age to better her chances of finding a good job. Even basic education would set her apart in the southern African country where adults have on average 1,2 years of schooling, according to the United Nations.

Eventually, the grade nine pupil takes the dirt road home from the Escola Primaria do Triunfo in Maputo. It is hard not knowing if the teacher will come or not, she says.

“We only had two lessons [in the last semester]. In the 10th grade we’ll have problems.”

No teacher available
The mathematics class has already been cancelled because no teacher is available, so school closes earlier than the usual 10pm.

Around 81% of Mozambique’s children go to primary school, though the numbers dwindle off as they grow older, but there’s neither space nor teachers to handle them all, especially when returning adult students are added in.

Night school began under the Portuguese colonisers, but Mozambique kept the system after independence in 1975 to cope with the student overflow.

This means that Aida Bila (16) sometimes has to walk the 5km home in the dark if public transport has stopped or her family cannot afford the fare.

Though the aspiring lawyer is worried about the missed lessons, the teachers help them during exams, she says.

“They don’t always give answers, but sometimes they do.”

Even when teachers are present, many students come to school only to socialise, says educator Carlos Francisco.

“The system created the conditions for them to lose interest,” he says. “In the lower classes they are passed automatically, then they come here and can’t read or write.”

Francisco teaches design, but without any instruments to instruct his classes. The 29-year-old father works 14 hours a day at three schools to support his family, but some educators have even worse schedules, he says.

“The government is trying to improve, only the country has so many challenges. Let’s face it, it’s poor.”

Mozambique has budgeted 22,8-billion meticals ($730 million) for education this year, around 18% of the national budget.

International donors are contributing at least $85-million of the education budget, but had to cut donations because of the global economic downturn.

Authorities further cut parts of the budget to channel money to subsidies after 14 died in food riots in September, although education as a whole received more money this year.

“This affected the functioning of the ministry a lot,” according to education ministry planning director Manuel Rego.

“With the riots last year, there wasn’t time to do a good work” with the budget, he said.

Authorities are building more schools and training teachers despite the setbacks, Rego adds.

“Although it’s hard to see, conditions improved a lot.”

One encouraging point is the enrolment of girls, with almost one girl per boy in primary schools.

All the same, education will not improve for the country’s 6,9-million pupils soon, with a 2015 Millennium Development Goal target of 55 pupils per teacher unlikely, Rego acknowledges.

“We won’t be able to expand the network of schools in the next years.” — AFP


Mabuza’s ‘distant relative’ scored big

Eskom’s woes are often because of boiler problems at its power plants. R50-billion has been set aside to fix them, but some of the contracts are going to questionable entities

ANC faction gunning for Gordhan

The ambush will take place at an NEC meeting about Eskom. But the real target is Cyril Ramaphosa

What the law could clarify this year

Lawfare: Major developments are on the cards where law and politics meet, including the first amendment to South Africa’s Bill of Rights

The secret ‘Warmonger’ at the SSA

A listening device acquired by the agency is at the centre of an alleged R600-million fraud operation

Press Releases

New-style star accretion bursts dazzle astronomers

Associate Professor James O Chibueze and Dr SP van den Heever are part of an international team of astronomers studying the G358-MM1 high-mass protostar.

2020 risk outlook: Use GRC to build resilience

GRC activities can be used profitably to develop an integrated risk picture and response, says ContinuitySA.

MTN voted best mobile network

An independent report found MTN to be the best mobile network in SA in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Is your tertiary institution is accredited?

Rosebank College is an educational brand of The Independent Institute of Education, which is registered with the Department of Higher Education and Training.

Is your tertiary institution accredited?

Rosebank College is an educational brand of The Independent Institute of Education, which is registered with the Department of Higher Education and Training.

VUT chancellor, Dr Xolani Mkhwanazi, dies

The university conferred the degree of Doctor of Science Honoris Causa on Dr Xolani Mkhwanazi for his outstanding leadership contributions to maths and science education development.

Innovate4AMR now in second year

SA's Team pill-Alert aims to tackle antimicrobial resistance by implementing their strategic intervention that ensures patients comply with treatment.

Medical students present solution in Geneva

Kapil Narain and Mohamed Hoosen Suleman were selected to present their strategic intervention to tackle antimicrobial resistance to an international panel of experts.