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14 Jun 2013 12:28
urkish anti-riot police arrest a protester during clashes with demonstrators in Ankara. (AFP)
The assault was as brutal as it was predictable. Last Friday and Saturday Recep Tayyip Erdogan hosted a European Union meeting in Istanbul.
Rumour had it that Turkey's prime minister would send in riot police to clear the demonstrators from Taksim Square – which they had peacefully occupied for 12 days – once his European guests had flown home.
And so it proved, with police encircling the square at 6am on Tuesday, firing rubber bullets and teargas, and ripping down banners calling for Erdogan's resignation.
By happy coincidence, Turkey's state media, which, for days, had blithely ignored the country's huge anti-government demonstrations, were on hand to record the event.
Turkish TV viewers witnessed this: A small group of four or five "demonstrators" throwing Molotov cocktails at police.
But the violence meted out against the genuine protesters camped out under the plane trees of nearby Gezi Park was real enough. Dozens were left choking or injured as teargas billowed across central Istanbul.
Meanwhile, about 50 lawyers acting for detained activists were, themselves, roughed up and dragged away from the steps of Istanbul's Çaglayan court.
Faced with a choice between engaging with this vibrant civil society movement or crushing it, Erdogan picked the latter course. Indeed, his reaction to the nationwide citizens' revolt reveals ominous parallels with another autocratic leader who has recently found himself in a tight spot: Vladimir Putin.
None of this bodes well for Turkey's already tortuous European Union accession prospects, for relations between secular and religious Turks, or for the country's democratic future.
Erdogan's polarising tactics might have come straight from the Putin playbook. Instead of talking to the demonstrators – a diverse and previously nonpolitical bunch – he has blamed the protests on a murky foreign conspiracy.
Many critical journalists are already in jail, and on Tuesday Erdogan denounced the international media. His ruling Islamist-rooted Justice and Development Party has made menacing noises about banning Twitter, one of the main conduits for anti-Erdogan mockery, and dubbed a menace by the prime minister.
Like Putin, Erdogan has been in power for more than a decade. Unlike Putin, he won a mandate through fair elections. He remains Turkey's most popular politician.
Since winning a third parliamentary victory in 2011, Erdogan has embarked on a controversial project of Islamist social retooling. He has banned the sale of alcohol between 10pm and 6am and banished booze from the vicinity of shops and mosques. The protesters are unhappy about this and other affronts to their secular lifestyles, as well as about Erdogan's increasingly authoritarian governing style.
As tear gas wafted across Taksim Square on Tuesday, Erdogan said that Turkey's protest movement was over. Once again, he was wrong. The country's civil society movement – driven overwhelmingly by students, young people, and the creative elite, but including many other groups – cannot now be suppressed.
However many tear-gas volleys the riot police shoot, Turkey is entering a new period of contestation. Erdogan has grown used to having things his own way. But now he will have to seek compromise.
Since the crisis began Erdogan has lashed out at numerous enemies, most of them fiction. Actually, Erdogan only has himself to blame for the damage done to Turkey's international image. Hubristic, peevish, and not a little paranoid, only he has the power to reverse this. – © Guardian News & Media 2013
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