Venezuelan leader now rules by decree
Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro has vowed to limit profiteering and to strengthen price controls after receiving special powers from the country's national assembly that he claimed were needed to battle the country's economic crisis – but which critics say signals a move towards greater state control.
"What you have seen is little compared to what we will do to defend the people and their rights," Maduro said this week shortly after being granted the power to rule by decree, allowing him to create laws without consulting Congress.
Maduro says the special powers will enable him to regain control of the country's collapsing economy, which the president blames on "economic warfare" being waged by his opponents to destabilise his rule before December's municipal elections.
Last week, Maduro ordered shops around the country to slash their prices by more than half and announced that as many as "100 parasitic bourgeois managers" would be imprisoned for usury.
Critics of the government say ruling by decree will do little to fight corruption or solve the root problems behind the oil-rich nation's mounting inflation, but will underline Maduro's message that he will remain true to the political line of his mentor Hugo Chávez, who died in March.
"Maduro is continuing with the plan to instate a Cuban-style socialism that Chávez left incomplete. This advance implies a statist model economy, with more interventions and the creation of new institutions. The Venezuelan economy as we knew it is being destroyed," said Professor Margarita Lopez-Maya, a sociologist at Venezuela's Central University.
In his speech from the presidential palace, Maduro said the measures would allow him to restrict retail profits, fix prices and control imports.
Many fear, however, that Maduro's move will deter investors and fail to prevent another wave of shortages.
Maduro has assured voters that the companies seized by the National Guard after last week's announcement have enough stock for the next year. "It is untrue that there will be shortages. We have controlled the storage systems of all these companies and they are full. We have reserves for more than a year."
Political analyst Nicmer Evans said the emergency powers were essential for the government to prevent the economy from spiralling out of control. "We are facing a real and deep economic crisis. Ruling by decree allows the president to do in months what it would take the assembly years.
"It has none of the parameters of socialism. It is [a return] to normal capitalism because it is not normal that Venezuelans pay 1 000% over price," said Evans.
The emergency measure – known in Spanish as an enabling law – was approved after an opposition lawmaker was stripped of her parliamentary rights and replaced with her substitute, a Maduro loyalist.
The move has outraged many in the fractured opposition who are calling supporters to close ranks in the upcoming elections. "This enabling law is corrupt in its origin and it will be corrupt in its execution," said opposition leader Henrique Capriles. – © Guardian News & Media 2013