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04 Apr 2014 00:00
Back foot: Erdogan is battling opposition from urban Turks who decry his rolling back of Mustafa Ataturk’s secular state. (Cevahir Bugu, Reuters)
The results of Turkey’s nationwide municipal elections amount to a remarkable personal victory for the country's long-serving prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. But the outcome will be seen by his opponents as a significant defeat for Turkish democracy, and a worrying omen of a future of increasing authoritarianism.
Erdogan, in power for more than a decade, was not on the ballot in Sunday’s polls, but he dominated the campaign.
Local issues were pushed aside as attention focused on the multiple corruption allegations swirling around Erdogan and his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), and on his angry, intolerant, dictatorial leadership style.
The prime minister's behaviour and language ensured the spotlight remained on him as he tirelessly toured the country, railing against the enemy within, as he termed his opponents, and claiming repeatedly that Turkey was under attack from spies and traitors.
Particular venom was reserved for his erstwhile ally, the exiled Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen and his Hizmet (Service) movement.
"Those who attacked Turkey got disappointed.
Conspirators against the country would now be punished, he warned. "We will enter their caves and ... they will pay the price. How can you threaten our national security on Syria? Syria is currently in a state of war against us."
This latter comment was a reference to the leaking, and airing on YouTube, of a recording of a high-level government meeting on the Syrian crisis.
In Erdogan's view, this was the latest, possibly most serious, affront to his rule delivered via social media, and justified his controversial attempts to ban Twitter and YouTube. His censorship efforts may now intensify.
Erdogan has been under increasing pressure since last summer's Gezi Park protests in Istanbul ignited a storm of street demonstrations across the country that broadened into a disorganised, but energetic, campaign to bring him down.
The unrest was largely of his own making, the result of ill-judged decisions to use the police and security forces to repress the protests.
The hostility to Erdogan, especially among young, urban Turks and the secular middle class, has many elements: his perceived illiberalism; his attempts to intimidate journalists and newspaper editors; the mass jailing of opponents in the military and elsewhere accused of subversion; his neo-Islamism and efforts to roll back Turkey's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s, secular state; and alleged corruption in government ranks.
But Erdogan's main claim to fame, the record economic growth enjoyed by Turkey since the AKP took power, has also begun to fade. For the first time, it was suggested, his remarkable grip on the working-class and rural vote was beginning to slip.
The municipal poll results provide scant evidence to support this theory. The AKP's share of the vote was up six points on 2009, at about 45%, whereas the main opposition trailed with about 29%.
On the other hand, the AKP total was 5% down on the last general election, when it polled 50% of all votes. It seems some voters, at least, may have turned against their prime minister.
What happens next will worry many Turks as they hear Erdogan vowing to get even with opponents.
That Turkey is now a deeply divided nation is only too clear. That Erdogan's future actions may serve to deepen rather than heal those divisions is the great fear.
One early consequence is expected to be a decision by Erdogan either to seek the presidency, in elections due in August, or more likely, to change AKP rules so that he can continue in the more powerful post of prime minister for a fourth consecutive term. Sunday's poll results will fuel his ambitions. – © Guardian News & Media 2014
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