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29 May 2015 00:00
Contraband: The rhino is extinct in Mozambique but the country is used as a gateway to smuggle rhino horn and elephant tusk from South Africa to China and Vietnam. (Maputo Provincial Police/AFP)
Thieves raided a police storeroom holding Mozambique’s largest- ever haul of confiscated rhino horn and ivory, making off with 12 horns valued at about £700 000.
The 65 rhino horns and 340 tusks (170 elephants) were seized from the house of a Chinese citizen living in Maputo. Worth millions of rands on the black market, the cache was reportedly secured with just three padlocks.
A police spokesperson told the investigative journalism group Oxpecker that the horns had disappeared from the police headquarters in Maputo early last Friday morning and had not been recovered.
Four state officials guarding the store were arrested on suspicion of aiding the theft.
A further two suspects were arrested for producing bull horn replicas to switch with the stolen horns.
The suspects were due in court in Maputo this week.
Rhinos are extinct in Mozambique.
Vulnerable gatewayGovernments across Africa have become increasingly hostile to the international crime gangs that operate the trade in ivory and rhino horn. In Mozambique the gangs have found a vulnerable gateway to the markets of China and Vietnam.
Peter Knight, the executive director of Wild Aid, said: “Mozambique has fenceless borders with the largest supply of rhino horn – Kruger National Park in South Africa. Powerful gangs, similar to Colombian drug cartels, can walk across the border, poach and then escape home with horn to safety as police are either bribed or intimidated.”
Sabri Zain, director of policy at the wildlife trade monitoring group Traffic, said the Mozambique government’s credibility had been damaged by the security breach.
“The reported disappearance of rhino horns from a police warehouse just days after they were seized is a serious cause for concern and puts Mozambique’s law enforcement actions firmly back into the limelight for all the wrong reasons,” he said.
Mozambique under scrutinyColman O’Criodain, a World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) wildlife trade analyst, said the country was under scrutiny by the standing committee of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered species (Cites) for its failure to combat rhino and elephant poaching and this breach could lead to sanctions under the convention.
John Scanlon, the standing committee’s secretary general, said: “We are extremely concerned by news of the theft of 12 rhino horns from a police facility after a very successful seizure.” He said the organisation’s Maputo office would assist in the attempt to retrieve the stolen horns.
WWF’s Mozambique director, Anabela Rodrigues, said: “The Mozambican authorities must do everything in their power to recover the stolen horns before they are smuggled overseas and to arrest and prosecute all those involved – both the wildlife criminals and corrupt officials.”
David Higgins, head of Interpol’s environmental security unit, said “corruption, bribery, murder and fraud are at play across the entire illicit trade chain”.
“As can be expected, some countries are more advanced than others in their law enforcement response, which means criminals target the countries that have greater law enforcement vulnerabilities. Mozambique faces some challenges that it is working to address, but the international community also has a role to play in providing support to Mozambique to help them confront the challenges,” he said.
Mozambique’s President Filipe Nyusi used an address to a police anniversary celebration this week to lament police involvement with trafficking. “When policemen are caught in the gangs trafficking in rhinoceros horns, elephant tusks and various drugs, or facilitate these same crimes, I am unable to sleep,”” he said.
The founder of wildlife charity Born Free, Will Travers, called on Nyusi to personally intervene to stop police corruption.
He asked: “What is the point of carrying out enforcement in the field, tracking and intercepting wildlife crime and putting the lives of rangers and other officers at risk if confiscated high-value wildlife products can be so vulnerable to corruption and insecurity?”
In a separate incident this month, Kenyan airport authorities arrested a Vietnamese man carrying $82 000 worth of rhino horn between Mozambique and Hanoi when he was on a stopover in Nairobi.
Mozambique has lost half its elephant population to poaching in five years, the Wildlife Conservation Society said on Tuesday.
The Mozambique government was not available for comment. The Chinese embassy did not return calls asking for comment on the alleged involvement of Chinese citizens. – © Guardian News & Media.
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