/ 7 November 2021

EU begins military training against Mozambique insurgency

Mozambique Rwanda Unrest
​​On a mission: Weapons confiscated by Rwandan soldiers from insurgents in Mozambique. Photo: Simon Wohlfahrt/AFP/Getty Images

The EU on Wednesday launched a military training mission in Mozambique to help local troops to fight a jihadist insurgency in its gas-rich north.

More than 3 100 African, European and US soldiers have already been deployed to the country’s Cabo Delgado province to quell unrest.

Islamic State-linked militants have been wreaking havoc in the area since 2017, raiding villages and towns in violence that has claimed at least 3 340 lives and displaced more than 800 000 people.

The EU sent 1 100 soldiers to the country in September and officially kicked off their mission on Wednesday.

The troops will be in Mozambique for two years to train rapid intervention units. 

“This mission will contribute to operations to defend Mozambique,” the head of Mozambique’s armed forces, Joaquim Mangrasse, told reporters in Maputo.

“After finishing the training, we will prepare an operational training plan for the future. The soldiers trained here will be able to go on missions,” he said.

The EU will also be supplying the Mozambican army with non-lethal weapons.

Cabo Delgado’s militants stoked international concern when they attacked the key port town of Palma in March, killing dozens of people as thousands more fled into surrounding forest.

The violence forced France’s Total Energies to declare force majeure and evacuate staff from a nearby multibillion-dollar natural gas project.

Rwanda was the first foreign army to send troops to Mozambique, deploying 1 000 troops in July.

It was followed weeks later by members of the Southern African Development Community, which extended its mission last month.

South Africa has the largest contingent, of about 1 500 troops.

Mozambique’s former coloniser Portugal and the US both sent special forces to train local troops earlier this year.