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03 Oct 2007 07:50
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown has lost his campaign to prevent President Robert Mugabe from attending a Europe-Africa summit in Portugal in December despite the European Union travel ban on the Zimbabwean president.
Brown is also facing stiff resistance to his demand that the EU appoint a special envoy to deal with the Zimbabwe crisis, according to sources in Brussels. “It’s the working assumption that Mugabe will be coming if invited by the Portuguese as expected,” said a European Commission official familiar with the preparations for the first Europe-Africa summit in seven years.
While a Portuguese official said no invitation had yet been issued to Mugabe for the summit on December 8, he also cautioned against concluding that the Zimbabwean leader would not be coming to Europe.
The shadow British Foreign Secretary, William Hague, on Tuesday joined Brown’s effort to bar Mugabe despite all the signs of failure.
“We have asked our government to ensure Mugabe is not invited to the African summit with the EU and support the stand they have taken,” he told the Tory party conference in Blackpool.
But EU and Portuguese officials showed exasperation with the British position, shrugging off the British boycott threat.
Brown said last month he would boycott the summit if Mugabe came to Lisbon.
Mugabe and 130 of his regime acolytes are barred from travelling to Europe, but African leaders are insisting that Zimbabwe be treated the same as everyone else for the summit. Portugal and other EU countries are unwilling to jeopardise the summit by blocking Mugabe, not least because they are alarmed that they are losing out to China in the contest for African trade and resources.
While Brown is certain to be absent, Britain is pushing to make sure that Mugabe is confronted in Lisbon with vigorous criticism of the appalling human rights situation in Zimbabwe. “If Zimbabwe sends anyone on the visa ban list, the quid pro quo is that there has to be a discussion on human rights and that could focus on Zimbabwe,” a British official added. “The condition for lifting the ban is that human rights is on the agenda.”
While a consensus is emerging on a broad discussion of “human rights and good governance” in Africa, there is also resistance to singling out Zimbabwe lest that trigger a Mugabe walkout in Lisbon and a possible summit collapse.
Following Brown’s boycott declaration last month, Britain last week asked EU member states to appoint a senior envoy to deal with Zimbabwe. The proposal is to be discussed by EU foreign ministers in a fortnight, but has received a lukewarm response so far.
EU diplomats hope that Mugabe will come under “peer pressure” from fellow African leaders. They say that hectoring from ex-colonial powers is more likely to trigger a backlash and generate African support for Mugabe. - Guardian Unlimited Â
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