Burma’s junta on Saturday came under renewed international pressure from rights groups and the United States defence chief, who said its slow response to the cyclone disaster had cost “tens of thousands of lives”.
US Defence Secretary Robert Gates criticised the military regime’s delay in allowing in foreign aid, saying US ships and aircraft could have swiftly brought much-needed relief to the cyclone-hit nation.
“Our ships and aircraft awaited country approval so they could act promptly to save thousands of lives — approval of the kind granted by Indonesia immediately after the 2004 tsunami and by Bangladesh after a fierce cyclone just last November,” Gates told a top-level security forum in Singapore.
“With Burma, the situation has been very different — at a cost of tens of thousands of lives.”
Rights groups also accused the junta of forcing victims out of emergency shelters and back to their devastated villages — even if they have no home left in the wake of the May 2 to 3 storm.
With tens of thousands of people now living in schools, Buddhist monasteries and tented camps, advocacy groups said they had received reports the regime was forcing people to leave the shelters.
The United Nations says it so far has not been able to verify whether people are being forced out, but the charges added to the international frustrations at the slow progress in delivering aid to 2,4-million victims.
Cyclone Nargis left 133 000 people dead or missing when it pounded into Burma four weeks ago, destroying entire villages and laying waste to the country’s most important rice-growing region.
Nearly one month after the storm, only 40% of people in need have actually received any help, according to the UN.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon visited here one week ago, announcing that the junta had agreed to allow foreign aid workers into the hardest-hit regions. Since then, relief workers have made small successes in delivering assistance.
The UN says all the visas for foreign workers it has requested have been granted, and the head of the World Food Programme, Josette Sheeran, visited Burma on Saturday to assess the relief operation.
The regime announced in state media on Saturday that a new coordinating body — comprising officials from the regime, the UN and neighbouring countries in South-East Asia — had officially begun working.
But Human Rights Watch and Refugees International said they had received alarming reports of people being forced out of government-run emergency camps and left to fend for themselves amid the storm’s rubble.
“It’s unconscionable for Burma’s generals to force cyclone victims back to their devastated homes,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch.
“Without shelter, food, and clean water, the government’s suggestion amounts to sending people to their deaths and is courting a greater disaster,” he said.
The regional head of the UN’s disaster response arm, Terje Skavdal, said that he could not confirm those reports but that the UN opposed any forced resettlements.
“It is not only a question of putting people back into their villages, it is also a question of being able to service them with relief,” he said.
The military has ruled this country since 1962. The reclusive generals are deeply suspicious of the outside world, and have only reluctantly allowed in foreign aid workers.
The junta has flatly refused to accept American, British and French naval ships laden with relief supplies.
Singapore’s Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong, said Burma’s response to the cyclone was “regrettable”, saying a speedier relief effort could have minimised the suffering of the victims. — AFP