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Storms swirl in Atlantic, deadly floods hit Haiti

Heavy rains flooded parts of Haiti with head-high water on Tuesday and sent walls of mud down the hillsides, killing at least 25 people as Tropical Storm Hanna swirled over the Bahamas and took aim at the south-eastern United States.

A new tropical storm, Josephine, formed off Africa behind Tropical Storm Ike. Both were moving westward just as Hurricane Gustav dissipated after slamming into the United States Gulf Coast near New Orleans.

The flurry of Atlantic storms underscored predictions for a busier than normal hurricane season and was worrisome news for US oil and natural gas producers in the Gulf of Mexico, millions of people living in the Caribbean and on US coasts, and farmers fearing flooded fields.

The US government has forecast 14 to 18 tropical storms will form during the six-month season that began on June 1, more than the historical average of 10. Josephine was already the 10th, forming before the statistical peak of the season on September 10.

By Tuesday night, Hanna was bearing down on Great Inagua Island with 100km/h winds, the US National Hurricane Centre said.

It was expected to strengthen back into a category-one hurricane on the five-step Saffir-Simpson scale of intensity, with winds of at least 119km/h on Wednesday or Thursday.

Hanna dumped torrential rains on the south-eastern Bahamas, the Turks and Caicos islands, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

In Haiti, heavy rains caused severe flooding in the northern port city of Gonaives, where thousands of people died four years ago during a similar catastrophe.

”The city is flooded and there are parts where the water gets to two metres,” said civil protection director Alta Jean-Baptiste. ”A lot of people have been climbing on to the tops of their houses since last night to escape the flooding.”

Authorities said flooding and mudslides from the storm killed at least 25 people across Haiti, including 12 in low-lying Gonaives and three in the nearby town of Gros Morne.

Florida emergency
Hanna was nearly stationary but was forecast to turn north-west on a track that would take it near the Bahamian capital of Nassau and near the US East Coast on Thursday. It was likely to come ashore at the end of the week somewhere between northern Florida and the Carolinas.

Although the official forecast kept it over water as it skirted the Florida coast, state Governor Charlie Crist declared a state of emergency.

Tropical Storm Ike headed west after forming on Monday between Africa and the Caribbean and appeared likely to become a hurricane that would threaten the Caribbean islands and possibly the United States.

It was too early to say where Ike might go but the storm drew the attention of energy companies running the 4 000 offshore platforms in the Gulf of Mexico that provide the United States with a quarter of its crude oil and 15% of its natural gas.

Ike was about 1 500km east-northeast of the Leeward Islands and moving west at 28km/h late on Tuesday. Its top sustained winds had strengthened to 100km/h and were expected to reach hurricane strength of 119km/h on Wednesday.

Josephine swirled over the far eastern Atlantic about 290km/h west-southwest of the Cape Verde Islands. It was moving west at 19km/h, with top sustained winds of near 85km/h, and could become a hurricane on Wednesday. – Reuters

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