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16 Jun 2009 07:31
Fifty-year-old Abdul Wadud walked for two hours across Afghanistan’s remote northern mountains to hear a police commander give yet more promises of aid for those who turn their backs on growing opium.
Wadud does not grow drugs. But if no money comes soon, he will.
“The government told us several times they would help us and they didn’t,” he said, crouching barefoot on the ground in traditional Afghan loose shirt and trousers and explaining he feeds a family of 15 on occasional work as a day labourer.
“If the government or the aid organisations don’t help us—yes we will have to start growing opium,” he said.
“If they build us schools and roads we promise never to grow opium.”
Wadud and about 30 other village elders from the area had gathered on a hillside deep inside the Hindu Kush mountains, to attend a “shura”, or meeting, organised by provincial authorities to dissuade the men from growing the drug.
Their Badakhshan province in remote northern Afghanistan has been a showcase for government efforts to battle the drugs trade, which accounts for nearly all the world’s heroin.
Until 2006 Badakhshan was one of the main opium growing areas in Afghanistan, producing the country’s second biggest crop.
But last year its output fell by 95%, to a mere 200 hectares under cultivation, close to being declared “poppy free” by the United Nations, which credited government information campaigns and eradication programmes for the success there.
The United Nations has warned, however, that last year’s improvement may not hold without more aid for poor farmers.
“Badakhshan may bounce back to opium cultivation if the government fails to deliver promises made to farmers for alternative development activities,” the UN drugs agency said in its opium survey report last August.
Sayed Musqin Wafaqish, a police commander sent in from Kabul to head counter-narcotic efforts in the area, told the bearded men seated on rolled-out plastic carpets that the aid is coming, as long as they do not revert to growing opium.
“We know you are poor and because you are poor you want to grow poppy,” he said.
“It is bad for Afghanistan.
Despite a marginal drop in production, Afghanistan last year still produced more than 90% of the world’s opium, a thick paste from poppies which is processed to make heroin. But the overall numbers hide wide variations from province to province.
As a result of improvements in areas under government control in recent years, most of the production is now concentrated in southern provinces such as Helmand, in areas partly or wholly controlled by Taliban militants.
Fighters use the trade to fund their insurgency, and it also breeds corrosive government corruption. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said this year Afghanistan was in danger of becoming a failed “narco-state”.
The government and its Western backers say the drop in production in northern provinces under their grip, like Badakhshan, is a sign they can fight drugs in areas they control.
Afghan and Western anti-narcotics officials tout “alternative development” projects such as providing wheat seeds to farmers. But locals at the shura say they have yet to see the benefits.
Sayed Amir (60) an elder from the village of Talbozang, shook his head when asked if he has received any government help.
“No, no, no. Never,” he said. “The government promised us seeds but we never received them.”
Officials in the peaceful north say they have received far less international aid than in the violent south, where donors spend money to win over hearts and minds from insurgents.
“We hear in radio broadcasts that the international community is helping our country. Where is the help?” said Sayed Ayub, head of Talbozang’s development council, as US military and State Department officials who travelled to the shura looked on.
“We are ready for any cooperation with the government. If the government asks us not to grow poppy, they should help us.” - Reuters
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