UN fails to agree tough response to Suu Kyi verdict

The United Nations Security Council on Thursday agreed on a watered-down statement expressing “serious concern” at the extended detention of Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma after a tougher draft met opposition from China, Libya, Russia and Vietnam.

After two days of closed-door bargaining, the 15-member body could only agree on a statement expressing “serious concern at the conviction and sentencing of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and its political impact”, and reiterating “the importance of the release of all political prisoners.”

Britain’s UN Ambassador, John Sawers, the council chair this month, described the non-binding statement as “an important expression of serious concern about the outcome” of the Suu Kyi trial.

A court at Rangoon’s notorious Insein Prison on Tuesday sentenced Suu Kyi to three years’ imprisonment and hard labour for breaching the terms of her house arrest following an incident in which a US man swam to her lakeside residence in May.

Than Shwe, head of the ruling junta, commuted the sentence to 18 months under house arrest, but the trial and the verdict have created international outrage.

“I think we all know that different members of the Security Council have different views on the situation there, and that the strong views in various Western capitals are not entirely shared in countries elsewhere,” Sawers noted as he sought to explain why an initial US draft was watered down.

The tougher US draft, which would have condemned Suu Kyi’s conviction, ran into opposition from China, a key ally of Burma as well as from Russia, Vietnam and Libya.

The four countries invoked the principle of non-interference in the domestic affairs of a UN member state.

The text approved on Thursday noted the decision by the Burma government to reduce Suu Kyi’s sentence and urged the military regime “to take further measures to create the necessary conditions for a genuine dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and all concerned parties and ethnic groups in order to achieve an inclusive national reconciliation”.

It also affirmed the council’s “commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Burma” and reiterated that “the future of Burma lies in the hands of all its people”.

The European Union on Thursday broadened its sanctions against Burma in the wake of the Suu Kyi trial.

Brussels imposed a visa ban and asset freeze on members of the judiciary, and in what it called “targeted measures”, the 27 EU nations widened the bloc’s existing assets freeze to cover businesses “owned and controlled by members of the regime” and their associates.

Suu Kyi has been confined for 14 of the past 20 years, ever since the military regime refused to recognise her National League for Democracy’s landslide victory in the last elections held in 1990.

Unless she qualifies for an amnesty, the 64-year-old opposition leader and Nobel peace laureate will not be able to contest elections planned for next year. — AFP

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Gerard Aziakou
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