Sri Lanka in military purge after coup fears

Sri Lanka’s president on Monday sacked a dozen senior military officers whom the Defence Ministry said were a “direct threat to national security” after last week’s presidential elections.

A military official said it was the army’s biggest-ever purge and went beyond a 1962 shake-up following a coup attempt by volunteer officers against late prime minister Sirima Bandaranaike.

“What we have just witnessed is the biggest single shake-up in the army,” a top official, who declined to be named, said. “The sacking is also coupled with several drastic changes in key positions.”

President Mahinda Rajapakse had accused the defeated opposition of planning to assassinate him after he beat former army general Sarath Fonseka in the bitterly fought January 26 poll.

Security forces kept Fonseka under siege while election results were announced on Wednesday, and 15 retired officers working at Fonseka’s offices were later arrested.

The military official told Agence France-Presse 12 top officers, including three major generals, were sacked to thwart any attempted coup by Fonseka’s supporters inside the military.

The Defence Ministry in a statement said an undisclosed number were “sent on compulsory retirement” because they were considered a “direct threat to national security”.

The ministry said the officers had breached military discipline by becoming involved in politics.

Rajapakse and Fonseka were close allies in the massive offensive that finally crushed the separatist Tamil Tigers in May, but they fell out after the victory and went head-to-head in the presidential elections.

When he resigned from the military in November and launched his ill-fated bid to unseat the president, Fonseka accused Rajapakse of falsely suspecting him of planning a coup.

Rajapakse also carried out a major shake-up of the army over the weekend, transferring 40 officers and promoting several considered loyal to his administration.

Fonseka told reporters in Colombo on Monday that he “was very surprised to know that I had so many loyal people at the very top and middle level in the army”.

He accused Rajapakse of politicising the military and said his party workers and supporters were still being harassed.

“Even retired army officers who helped me have been taken in [to custody], and no one knows where they are being held,” he said.

Fonseka said the government had targeted his office to prevent his party from collecting evidence to mount a legal challenge to the election result.

Rajapakse won 58% of the vote, trouncing Fonseka, who got 40%, after a contest that many had expected to be much closer.

Rajapakse called the vote four years into his six-year term to capitalise on popular support for the defeat of Tamil rebels that ended a decades-long separatist war.

The government insisted the election was free and fair but the United States has pressed for a probe into the charges of vote fraud.

The European Commission, too, issued a statement calling for an investigation.

Before polling day, the country’s independent election commissioner had complained about misuse of state resources for the president’s re-election campaign and bias in the state media. — AFP

Subscribe to the M&G

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. To help us continue for another 35 future years with the same proud values, please consider taking out a subscription.

Amal Jayasinghe
Amal Jayasinghe
Bureau Chief, Sri Lanka / Maldives, Agence France - Presse (AFP)

Related stories


press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday