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Moises Avila Roldan
26 Aug 2010 08:09
Chilean officials on Wednesday broke the news to a desperate group of trapped miners that they could be stuck in their collapsed mine for months before being rescued.
“We were able to tell them ... they would not be rescued before the Fiestas Patrias (Chile’s September 18 Independence Day celebrations), and that we hoped to get them out before Christmas,” Health Minister Jaime Manalich said.
He said the 33 men, trapped 700m below ground, took the information calmly, but he warned “a period of depression, anguish and severe malaise” could ensue.
Officials had been hiding the bleak information from the miners since they were discovered alive on Sunday in a shelter in the San Jose gold and copper mine more than two weeks after an August 5 collapse.
They feared the psychological impact it would have when the men contemplated the long ordeal ahead of them in a hot, dank shelter with their only lifeline a tiny hole to the surface providing sustenance, water and communication.
The news was delivered as the government prepared a special programme to help the miners cope mentally and physically with their prolonged captivity.
A priority of the plan was to get all the miners thin enough to squeeze through a narrow shaft about to be dug for their escape.
The tunnel, which could take four months to excavate, would measure just 66cm in diameter when it was complete—roughly the size of a bicycle wheel.
Officials said they were careful in the way they presented the situation to the men, especially after they made a desperate plea late on Tuesday for early rescue.
“We are waiting for all of Chile to do everything to get us out of this hell,” group leader Luis Urzua told Chilean President Sebastian Pinera late on Tuesday through an intercom cable dropped to them.
“Mr President,” he said, “we need you to be strong and to rescue us as soon as possible.
Don’t abandon us.”
Pinera vowed: “You won’t be left alone, nor have you been alone a single moment.”
At the time he avoided mentioning engineers’ estimates that a hydraulic bore about to be used to dig the escape shaft would need 120 days to complete the task.
The president later told reporters he was determined the men “will be with us for Christmas and New Year”.
Family members holding a vigil on the surface used an 8cm wide drill hole to the men to send written notes to buoy the men’s spirits.
The men, though famished, were in good physical condition, having survived on meagre rations and water trickling into their refuge before being found.
Manalich said the first stage of the preparation plan calls for the miners to receive “nutritional recuperation” and occupational therapy.
They had been sent chocolate and raspberry-flavoured milkshakes, which would be followed by solid food in about four days, when their metabolisms could cope, he said.
The miners are now getting four half-litre bottles of water and four boxes of crackers every half hour inside a metal cylinder, called a “dove”, that is lowered and raised by rope through the bore hole, rescue workers said.
Nasa offers to help
US space agency Nasa has said it was willing to advise on how to sustain the men, based on its long experience with keeping astronauts healthy during long, isolated missions.
Examinations of their urine, blood pressure and body temperatures would soon be carried out, and they had been told to split their living area—which included a tunnel about 1,5km long—into three zones: one for sleeping, one for working, and one for bodily waste.
“Then they will start a daily exercise routine,” Manalich said.
The psychological aspect was being carefully looked at.
“The programme includes singing, games involving movement, card games, pencils and anything that they can use,” the minister said.—AFP
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