United States President Barack Obama, marking the fifth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans on Sunday, praised the city’s resilience and pledged support for rebuilding “until the job is done”.
He acknowledged that the famed jazz city, where at least 1 500 people died in the storm and its aftermath, was still in need of support, but said community efforts had ensured “New Orleans is blossoming once more”.
“Together, we are helping to make New Orleans a place that stands for what we can do in America, not just for what we can’t do,” he said in a speech at the city’s Xavier University.
Obama acknowledged that the storm, which brought waves of water that overcame levees, carrying homes and residents away, “was a natural disaster, but also a man-made catastrophe, a shameful breakdown in government”.
But he pledged that the region, struggling with the long-term effects of the tragedy, the economic downturn and, most recently, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, would be able to rely on the administration for support.
“My administration is going to stand with you — and fight alongside you — until the job is done,” he told a cheering crowd.
Long famed for its rich music scene and its easy-going spirit, New Orleans was plunged into chaos on August 29 2005 when torrents of water broke through barriers and gushed in.
Although 1,4-million residents and visitors were ordered to evacuate as the monster storm approached, many could not or would not and were left stranded.
A lack of preparation and bungled coordination forced residents to take shelter in attics, and then break through their roofs to escape rising water.
Footage of desperate Americans, waving signs reading “Help Us”, horrified people at home and abroad. In the Lower Ninth Ward, the poorest part of the city, built in a basin and 99% black, bodies drifted lifelessly with the floodwater.
Many fled to the Superdome, the stadium where 10 000 people displaced by the hurricane had already sought refuge, but it too became cut off by the water.
And rescue services were overrun as the disaster that reached deep into neighbouring Mississippi and Alabama unfolded, and an entire region was deprived of electricity, communications and drinking water.
Finally, the National Guard was deployed, and managed to restore a semblance of order, helping coordinate airlifts and bus evacuations that scattered survivors across the country.
Six days after disaster struck, the Superdome was finally emptied, but it took two months for the floodwaters to subside, and rescuers were still finding bodies more than six months later.
“New Orleans could have remained a symbol of destruction and decay; of a storm that came and the inadequate response that followed,” Obama said Sunday. “But it’s a symbol of resilience, of community, of the fundamental responsibility we have for each other.”
Ahead of Obama’s arrival, the White House touted its commitment to the region, citing efforts to “cut through red tape” and help families still in temporary shelters find more permanent homes.
The administration said it had provided grants to bolster the local justice and healthcare systems, set up programmes to improve handling of emergencies and rebuilt 350km of levees to pre-Katrina standards.
But many in the city question why the levees are being rebuilt to specifications that failed when Katrina struck.
The day of commemorations concluded with a memorial service combining commemoration with celebration at the Mahalia Jackson Theatre in Armstrong Park, in the heart of downtown New Orleans.
“We must face the truth that in the fifth year of the 21st century, for four horrific days, there was anarchy on the streets of America,” said Mayor Mitch Landrieu. “The levees broke and our government failed. It’s a moment we should never forget and one that we should never repeat.”
“America, hear this,” Landrieu continued. “The people of New Orleans are still standing, unbowed and unbroken.”
Landrieu said the storm also taught New Orleans residents valuable lessons about the value of being good neighbours and cooperation between people of different backgrounds. — AFP