SA takes heat for burning coal

The global fight over fossil fuels has hit home in South Africa as the coal-dependent country debates its energy future before hosting UN climate talks later this year.

Africa’s largest economy is overhauling its energy policy, looking to more than double its power supply by adding more than 50 000 megawatts of electricity to the grid at a cost of R860-billion ($125-billion).

But as the country seeks to ease power shortages that caused paralysing blackouts in 2008, environmentalists say it is not doing enough to cut its reliance on coal-fired power — currently more than 90% of the electricity supply.

The scrutiny is intensifying as South Africa prepares to host the next major round of United Nations climate talks — COP 17 — in Durban from November 28 to December 9.

The talks — the successor to the Kyoto Protocol and last year’s conference in Cancun, Mexico — will see global leaders try to make meaningful progress toward a binding international agreement to curb climate change.

The meetings will be key in deciding the future of the Kyoto emissions targets, which expire next year.

Environmentalists say South African President Jacob Zuma faces embarrassment at the talks if his government doesn’t move to massively slash the country’s dependence on coal.

“What is the president going to do?” asked Richard Worthington, head of the climate programme at World Wildlife Fund South Africa.

“Say, ‘Oh, welcome to South Africa, we want to play a leadership role on climate change. But excuse us, we’re not going to do what we said we’d do in Copenhagen and Cancun.’ I don’t think the president wants to be in that position.”

South Africa had pledged at the 2009 talks in Copenhagen to cut emissions 42% by 2025. But the country’s draft energy plan proposed cutting carbon emissions just 30% by 2030.

‘More serious about renewables than they really are’
Zuma’s Cabinet last week approved a new version of the plan that officials said would scale up renewable and nuclear energy, with 42% of new power generation coming from renewable sources, 23% from nuclear and 15% from coal.

But the full plan will not be released until late March, and it is still unclear what emissions levels or the final electricity mix will be.

“It appears that the department of energy would like to portray themselves as being more serious about renewables than they really are,” Worthington said.

South Africa has announced plans to develop the world’s largest solar project, a 5 000MW plant in the arid Northern Cape province, and is betting heavily on nuclear power.

But it has also been criticised for forging ahead with construction of the new 4 800MW Medupi coal-fired power plant.

Greenpeace Africa called on the continent’s biggest polluter — South Africa emits 38% of Africa’s carbon — to set an example by cutting its coal use.

“The true cost of coal has not been determined. It might seem cheap now, but it’s really not. There’s no such thing as clean coal,” said Greenpeace Africa spokesperson Fiona Musana.

“Come Durban, Greenpeace will be looking to South Africa to really show the steps that it’s been taking. We’ll be holding them to account.”

But Latsoucabe Fall, Africa manager for the 93-country World Energy Council, said it is unfair to ask South Africa to abandon coal and risk falling behind other emerging economies.

“South Africa is well-endowed in coal resources. It cannot abandon coal resources. China is not abandoning coal. India is not abandoning coal,” he said.

“Clean energy should be developed in Africa, but this should not compromise the development of the continent.” – AFP

Subscribe to the M&G

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. To help us continue for another 35 future years with the same proud values, please consider taking out a subscription.

Related stories

Institutions of higher learning should commemorate their casualties

The bust of Matikweni Nkuna at Tshwane University of Technology is an example of how we should honour those who fought for equal access to education

Seals abort pups in mass die-off

There are a number of factors — a pollutant, virus or bacteria or malnutrition — that may have caused the 12 000 deaths on Namibia’s coast.

Deconstructing South Africa’s construction industry performance

The construction industry has contracted sharply, partly due to Covid, and needs to rebalance its focus if it wants to survive

Editorial: SA will be bankrupted by looters

The chickens have finally come home to roost: if we do not end the looting, it will end us

Zuma vs Ramaphosa? Neither is the leader South Africans deserve

Neither statesman could command sufficient authority in an ANC that remains mired in corruption and infighting and at the behest of big capital

E-payments for the unbanked are booming

The pandemic is providing mobile phone network operators with a unique chance to partner with fintech firms and banks to deliver clever e-commerce solutions to the informal sector in Africa

Subscribers only

Toxic power struggle hits public works

With infighting and allegations of corruption and poor planning, the department’s top management looks like a scene from ‘Survivor’

Free State branches gun for Ace

Parts of the provincial ANC will target their former premier, Magashule, and the Free State PEC in a rolling mass action campaign

More top stories

Mboweni plans to freeze public sector wage increases for the...

The mid-term budget policy statement delivered by the finance minister proposes cutting all non-interest spending by R300-billion.

SAA to receive R10.5-billion government bailout after all

Several struggling state-owned entities received extra funds after the medium term budget policy speech

Malawi court judges win global prize

Members of the small African country’s judiciary took a stand for democracy to international approval

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday