International Criminal Court (ICC) judges issued an arrest warrant for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi on Monday, for crimes against humanity, committed against opponents of his regime since mid-February, a judge said.
“The chamber hereby issue a warrant of arrest against Muammar Gaddafi,”Judge Sanji Mmasenono Monageng said during a hearing at the Hague-based court.
She also issued arrest warrants for Gaddafi’s son Seif al-Islam (39) and the head of Libyan intelligence, Abdullah al-Senussi (62) for murder and persecution since the uprising started.
Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo’s investigation followed a referral by the United Nations Security Council on the Libyan conflict on February 26. The prosecutor’s office launched its investigation five days later.
On Sunday, Moreno-Ocampo said the war crimes in Libya would not stop until Gaddafi was arrested.
“Crimes continue today in Libya. To stop the crimes and protect civilians in Libya, Gaddafi must be arrested,” he said in a statement.
It will be the second time the ICC’s top accuser has a country’s head of state in his sights, after an arrest warrant for Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir was first issued in March 2009. The warrant is yet to be executed.
In his submission, Moreno-Ocampo said Gaddafi had a personal hand in planning and implementing “a policy of widespread and systematic attacks against civilians and demonstrators and dissidents in particular”.
“Gaddafi’s plan expressly included the use of lethal force against demonstrators and dissidents,” the submission said.
The Libyan strongman also ordered sniping at civilians leaving mosques after evening prayers. His forces carried out a systematic campaign of arrest and detention of alleged dissidents, it said.
“Gaddafi’s plans were carried out through his inner circle, which included Seif al-Islam, Gaddafi’s de-facto prime minister and his brother-in-law Al-Senussi, considered to be his right-hand man,” the submission said.
Established in 2002, the ICC is the world’s first permanent, treaty-based court set up to try those accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide if the accused’s own country cannot or will not do so.
Talks in Tunisia
Three Libyan government ministers were in Tunisia for talks with international parties on efforts to halt the conflict in their country, Tunisia’s official news agency TAP reported on Monday.
It said Health Minister Mohammed Hijazi and Social Affairs Minister Ibrahim Sherif arrived on Sunday in the tourist resort of Jerba, southern Tunisia, where the talks were under way.
They joined up with Foreign Minister Abdelati al-Obeidi who has been in Tunisia since last Wednesday and been “in negotiations with several foreign parties”, TAP said without giving further details.
French Foreign Minister Alain Juppé said on Sunday that “contacts are taking place” between Gaddafi’s regime and rebels, notably concerning the Libyan leader’s future.
A senior official representing Libya’s rebels said the same day they were expecting to receive an offer from Gaddafi “very soon” that could end the four-month-old war.
Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, vice-chairperson of the rebels’ National Transitional Council, said intermediaries had indicated that a proposal from the Libyan strongman was in the works.
The NTC was not in direct talks with Gaddafi but understood through contacts with France and South Africa that an offer was being prepared, he said.
An African Union panel which met in Pretoria on Sunday said Gaddafi would not participate in peace talks, in what appeared to be a concession. — AFP