French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel meet in Paris on Monday under pressure to align their positions on centralising control of eurozone budgets to stem a debt crisis that threatens Europe’s currency union.
After individually outlining their views last week on closer fiscal integration, the two leaders must overcome remaining differences in order to fine tune proposals they want to present to European Union leaders in Brussels on Thursday, on the eve of a summit.
The duo, increasingly dubbed “Merkozy” as they intensify bilateral efforts to restore confidence in the battered eurozone, will meet over lunch and is expected to hold a news conference afterward.
They aim to agree on proposals for more coercive budget discipline in the eurozone, likely via treaty change, which they want all 27 EU leaders to approve at Friday’s summit.
Financial markets rallied last week after central banks took action to provide funding for European banks and on hopes of a Franco-German master plan. European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi signalled that a eurozone “fiscal compact” could nudge the bank to act more decisively to fight the crisis.
The sticking point is that while Merkel wants euro states to surrender budgetary control to a European authority with veto power, which would require changing the EU treaty, France wants governments to have control of imposing sanctions on slackers.
Calls for federal system
While Germany, fed up with costly bailouts, wants a more federal EU system, Sarkozy is under fire five months from a presidential election from political rivals who accuse him of being ready to hand over sovereignty to unelected EU officials.
Socialist presidential hopeful Francois Hollande and far-right leader Marine Le Pen both lashed out on Sunday at the idea of handing Brussels more control of public finances.
Bruno Le Maire, agriculture minister and a close aide of Sarkozy’s, said that far from undermining French sovereignty, tightening budget control would restore confidence and reduce the power of markets to wreak havoc with public finances.
He said France was completely opposed to Berlin’s idea of giving the European Court of Justice a veto on national budgets and said the role of Brussels should be to advise national governments to apply sanctions to each other.
“This is about building a European sovereignty that will make us stronger and guarantee the future of the single currency,” he told Radio France Politique.
Analysts cautioned that opposition in other euro states to a more intrusive and stringent fiscal regime could yet derail a rescue plan that has eluded eurozone leaders for two years.
Opposing treaty change
Italy’s new technocrat premier Mario Monti unveiled a €30-billion package of austerity measures on Sunday: increasing value added tax, reintroducing a property tax and raising the pension age.
Several other governments, notably Britain, Ireland and the Netherlands, oppose treaty change for domestic political reasons and fear they would not win public backing in referendums.
“Investors would be well advised to adopt a cautious stance in the run-up to next Friday’s EU summit,” said Nicholas Spiro of debt consultancy Spiro Sovereign Strategy.
British Prime Minister David Cameron said following talks with Sarkozy in Paris on Friday that he was not convinced treaty change was needed and that if the EU’s founding charter were reviewed he would ensure Britain’s interests were protected.
Sarkozy will hold talks on Wednesday in Paris with US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, whose fourth trip to Europe since early September reflects US concern about the eurozone.
Geithner visits Frankfurt and Berlin on Tuesday to meet Draghi and German officials. Later in the week he joins EU leaders at a political congress in the French city of Marseille due to be dominated by euro crisis talks and then heads to Milan to meet Italy’s new Prime Minister Mario Monti.
Berlin and Paris are under unprecedented pressure to see eye to eye in a crisis that has split them on issues such as the role of the ECB in lending to troubled states and on the matter of whether the bloc should issue joint euro bonds.
Regarding another disagreement, over language in the eurozone’s permanent bailout mechanism compelling bondholders to accept losses, sources said on Sunday that Germany was prepared to soften that reference to private sector involvement in line with France’s wishes.
Sources close to Merkel have also said that depending how this week’s talks go, she could overrule hostility from the Bundesbank and support the ECB stepping up its debt purchases from troubled euro states as a short-term bridging measure.
In terms of their push for closer fiscal governance, Berlin and Paris hope to short circuit the complex treaty amendment procedure by wrapping their budgetary proposals into a single amended protocol. They hope to avoid a parliamentary convention and reduce the need for national referendums on ratification.
That position has angered some lawmakers but they argue that the crisis is an emergency that requires swift action. — Reuters