Postmortem results will reveal more about the events that led to the death of Whitney Houston. But media attention has, unsurprisingly, focused on her tragic personal life, and the addictions that had plagued her later years.
The media has always been fascinated with stories of women who, despite finding success in their careers and being lauded for their talent and beauty, are never able to overcome addictions that ultimately cost them their lives.
And unlike their male counterparts, who are sometimes celebrated for their ability to sustain their rock ‘n roll lifestyle or, even after their demise, become icons of Dionysian excess, women are often expected to live out their addictions privately and politely.
As Houston’s career, and her personal life, collapsed around her, the world seemed fascinated by the gory details, and Houston often became the butt of jokes.
But this is nothing new. She joins a long list of talented women who will be remembered for their dramatic falls from grace.
When Amy Winehouse died last year at the age of 27, no one seemed surprised. Her addictions and personal dramas had captivated fans as much as her powerful voice and stage charisma ever did. The Grammy-winning singer’s personal problems were played out in public, with her parents even using the media to ask drug dealers to leave her alone. She eventually succumbed to alcohol poisoning,
The iconic and influential Billie Holiday was renowned for her graceful stage presence, which led to her nickname, “Lady Day”. Behind this persona, however, was a woman with a difficult past, including a brief stint as a prostitute, and whose addiction to heroin was spinning out of control. As soon as her career started to take off in the 1940s, she began to spend a large percentage of her earnings on her habit, and found herself serving time for possession at the height of her career. She was never able to overcome her addictions, despite legal intervention, and her voice and physical appearance began to suffer as a result. She was eventually hospitalised with advanced heart disease and cirrhosis of the liver, and was arrested for possession while on her deathbed. She died under police guard on July 17 1959, aged 44.
There are many who had no idea that the bright-eyed young girl in The Wizard of Oz was already hooked on amphetamines, drugs provided by MGM Studios to help the starlet cope with a demanding, exhausting schedule. This was the beginning of a series of addictions that would eventually claim her life. Garland was known for a chaotic personal life, and suffered severe insecurities about her appearance, and turned to drugs and alcohol for comfort. It was her long-term abuse of prescription medication that led to her sudden death in 1969 at the age of 47.
A member of the “27 Club”, Joplin was known for a rock ‘n roll lifestyle that rivalled that of her male contemporaries. She started using LSD, amphetamines and heroin in her late teens, at the beginning of her musical career in the early 1960s. By her early twenties, her friends, noticing the physical damage she was causing herself, staged an intervention that saw her change her image and lifestyle. But this did not last long. After leaving university, and rebooting her musical career, she relapsed into heavy drug use. By the time of her Woodstock appearance in 1969, she was using heroin daily, even though she would occasionally claim that she drank alcohol, but did not touch drugs anymore. A number of attempts to get the singer treatment for her addiction failed, and, in 1970, she succumbed to an overdose.
South Africa’s most famous diva was no stranger to the world of addiction, something that first came to public attention in 1995 when her lover, Poppie Sihlahla, died of a cocaine overdose in a hotel room they were sharing. Fassie received treatment after the incident, but would continue to struggle with the drug, with frequent visits to rehabilitation facilities and more than one hospitilisation following accidental overdoses. Her death in 2004 was initially reported to be the result of an asthma attack, and she was visited in hospital by Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki, but post mortem results revealed the truth — a cocaine overdose had killed her.