Political and private players on Wednesday expressed happiness with Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan’s budget speech, saying individual tax relief and allocations for infrastructure were promising.
But the Democratic Alliance (DA) said the money allocated for infrastructure and growth was not good enough.
“I don’t think we got it today, but let’s give the minister credit because he managed to bring the budget deficit down,” said DA finance spokesperson Tim Harris.
“The fact that he managed to do that shows us that we have more space to be bold on growth, and on infrastructure particularly … I mean the growth number that he [announced] today is projected to grow at 2.7% and that’s with the global economy growing faster … and Africa growing even faster … We want to see far more on growth. Those numbers aren’t good enough.”
He said the budget showed that this year less would be spent on infrastructure.
“We want to see bolder numbers,” he said.
Pleasant and predictable
But African Christian Democratic Party MP Steve Swart said he was pleased the budget focused on the productive side of the economy, namely infrastructure development, instead of on the consumer economy.
If the money allocated on infrastructure was well spent it would stimulate the economy and create jobs, he said.
“All-in-all [it was] a very positive budget in difficult circumstances,” Swart said.
He said he was pleasantly surprised given the global economic crisis and prospect of reduced economic growth in South Africa, but added he was disappointed in the increase in the fuel levy by 20 cents a litre of petrol and diesel from April 4, as this would be inflationary.
Inkatha Freedom Party leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi said the budget was “somehow predictable, both in terms of what it addresses and in terms of what it fails to address”.
Much would depend on whether or not declarations of policy would materialise into programmes of action. The most concerning aspect was the insufficient emphasis on economic growth, he said.
South African Chamber of Commerce and Industry CEO Neren Rau said the increase in taxes on business was concerning.
“Our biggest concern is the increased taxes on business — capital gains tax and the corporate tax,” he said after the budget was tabled by Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan in Parliament.
“We are a bit concerned about the impact that would have during a time when liquidity is fairly tight.”
Rau said two key factors influenced an enterprise’s desire to invest, namely the economic outlook, which remained uncertain, and the policy environment.
“We have just come out of a very uncertain policy environment.”
Rau added if 2012 could offer more certainty on policy, business might be more willing to loosen the purse strings and invest.
Gordhan addressed two items on Sacci’s wish list for small and medium businesses. The minister announced moves to ease the regulatory burden on small businesses, which Rau said was “done reasonably well”.
The minister also announced measures to ease the tax burden on small business, to which Rau replied: “We do have reservations about the real impact of this,” Rau said.
Gordhan said the tax-free threshold for small businesses would be increased to R63556 in the coming year, while the 10% tax rate would be reduced to 7%.
The threshold to which this tax rate applied would be increased to R350000.
FF+ approves of savings resolutions
Freedom Front Plus leader Pieter Mulder was also concerned about the increased fuel levy due to the knock-on effects it would have on inflation and food prices.
But Mulder said he found a number of positive announcements and welcomed the plans aimed at encouraging the public to save.
He was also pleased with the news that the budget deficit was below 5%.
“I thought with all the extra spending it would not be possible. So I think that’s positive.”
Mulder said there was a need for the government to compromise on the tolling of highways, but welcomed details of a “ceiling” figure of R550 per month on toll road charges.
The Christian Democratic Party said Gordhan’s budget was “reasonable”, considering the trying times people were living in.
“Higher than anticipated inflation necessitated tax bracket relief, and the relaxation of the tax burden of small businesses will go some way in alleviating the additional stress brought about by the Consumer [Protection] Act,” party leader Theunis Botha said.
Government must ‘lead the way’
Congress of the People’s (Cope) Nick Koornhof said the government must prove it can deal with the new budget.
“Government must lead the way. They must show that they can spend taxpayers’ money properly,” he said.
He added it was important for the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) to support the budget.
“It is very important that Cosatu supports him [Gordhan] now. If they don’t do it, we are going to have trouble with regards to the state wage Bill.”
Koornhof said the minister’s anti-corruption measures could help save government up to R100-billion.
Elements of optimism for health
Metropolitan Health CEO Blum Khan said in an interview on eNews he was happy with the confidence building elements of the speech.
He said declarations that the government would remove the waste and inefficiency in its system, and visible progress in the health system contributed to this.
Gordhan said the new health system would require funding over and above current budget allocations to public health.
An additional R1-billion conditional grant had been allocated over the next three years to the current budget to cover the cost of national health insurance pilot projects, which will be established in “selected districts” during this year and 2013.
Non-governmental organisation Greenpeace said it was disappointed with the minister’s commitment to deal with climate change.
“The financial commitment towards accelerating a low carbon economy is too little, and could be too late,” communications director for Greenpeace South Africa Fiona Musana said in a statement.
“If South Africa increased its investments in the green economy, we would see at least 148000 jobs in less than 20 years, and ensure a cleaner future for this country,” she added. — Sapa & M&G Reporter
Finance minister Pravin Gordhan faces a stern test when he delivers his 2012 budget. View our special report