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27 May 2012 20:33
An Egyptian woman after casting her vote during the first day of the presidential election in Egypt on Wednesday.(Khalil Hamra, AP)
The appeals, alleging fraud, are likely to enflame an already explosive race, with two of the most polarising candidates finishing first.
Preliminary results from last week’s election placed Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Morsi and Hosni Mubarak’s last prime minister, Ahmed Shafiq, as the two candidates entering a June 16 to 17 runoff.
Thirteen candidates were on the ballot. Young, liberal secularists who led the popular rebellion that overthrew longtime leader Hosni Mubarak last year failed to place a candidate in the runoff.
A large portion of the vote - more than 40% - went to candidates who were seen as more in the spirit of the uprising - neither for the Brotherhood nor for the so-called “feloul”, or “remnants” of the old autocratic regime.
The so-called revolutionary votes were mostly divided among the candidates who placed third and fourth.
The top finisher, the Brotherhood’s Morsi, received only about 25% of the vote, according to preliminary results.
Shafiq, who placed second after Morsi, said votes cast for him in one province were not included in the ballot count.
Hamdeen Sabahi, a socialist and a champion of the poor who made a surprisingly strong showing, called for a partial vote recount after he placed third by a margin of around 700 000 votes after Shafiq.
Abdel-Moneim Abolfotoh, a moderate Islamist who finished fourth, filed his appeal Sunday and also called for official results to be delayed. His lawyer said the campaign has proof that votes were cast on behalf of dead people, and in other cases, bribes were paid for votes.
Overall, the presidential election was considered the country’s freest and most transparent in decades. Judges were present at each polling station. International and local monitors, as well as journalists and the candidates’ representatives, were allowed to oversee the process in stark contrast to elections under Mubarak.
On Saturday, former US president Jimmy Carter said his centre was restricted in its monitoring mission, but the process was generally acceptable.
The Carter Centre said in its report that election authorities prohibited access to media, candidate agents and local and international observers to the final aggregation of national results, “undermining the overall transparency of the process”.
The prestigious group also warned it would not monitor elections in Egypt again if the elections commission does not lift a 30-minute observation limit inside polling stations.
This restriction, however, was not universally applied. The Centre noted that the election “overshadows other crises”, including the fact that the powers of the incoming president are not yet defined.
The writing of a new Constitution, which would determine the roles of the president and Parliament, was put on hold after liberals walked out of the Islamist-packed committee tasked with the drafting.
A top reform leader, Mohamed ElBaradei, on Sunday wrote on his Twitter account, “Our battle is for the Constitution, not the president.”
Also Sunday, a criminal court convicted Mubarak’s former chief of staff of corruption, sentencing him to seven years in prison and fining him $6-million, Egypt’s official news agency reported.
Zakaria Azmi, who was also a lawmaker and a senior member of Mubarak’s ruling National Democratic Party, used his position to make illicit gains of $7-million, according to the court ruling carried by Egypt’s official Middle East News Agency.
The verdict against Azmi comes less than a week before a court is due to issue its verdict in the trial of Mubarak, who faces charges of complicity in the killing of protesters during the popular uprising last year.
Mubarak, along with Gamal and his other son, Alaa, also faced corruption charges.
Mubarak could receive the death penalty if convicted in the killing of protesters. – Sapa-AP
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