Measures were particularly strict in the Yemeni capital of Sanaa where Britain, France and Germany all closed their embassies too following the US warning that lawmakers in Washington said involved al-Qaeda's Yemen and Saudi Arabia branch. But the US alert spread across most Arab capitals and extended beyond the Arab world to Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Israel, with embassies and other diplomatic missions closed on what is the first day of the working week in many Islamic countries, as well as the Jewish state.
In Sanaa, special forces with armoured personnel carriers were stationed outside the US embassy and the missions of Britain, France and Germany, an AFP correspondent reported. Police and army checkpoints were set up on all the Yemeni capital's main throughfares. Residents said they heard the sound of a drone flying over, which could only be American as Washington is the sole power to operate the unmanned aircraft in the region.
Washington considers Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula to be the jihadist network's most active and dangerous branch, and has waged an intensifying drone war against the group's militants in Yemen. In Jordan, authorities beefed up security around the closed US mission. "Authorities have conducted a sweep for explosives at all US diplomatic locations and beefed up security measures around the US embassy," a Jordanian security official told AFP.
US to discuss response to threats
US National Security Adviser Susan Rice chaired White House talks to review Washington's response to the threat it revealed on Friday of a major attack by Al-Qaeda during the month of August. President Barack Obama did not attend, but was briefed afterwards. "Early this week, the president instructed his national security team to take all appropriate steps to protect the American people in light of a potential threat occurring in, or emanating from, the Arabian Peninsula," a White House statement said.
Although the US has responded to terrorist threats before by closing diplomtic missions, this was believed to be the most widespread closure ever. "I've spent 21 years in the CIA, and I don't think I've ever seen 22 embassies closed simultaneously. This is very, very unusual," Robert Baer, a former US case officer in the Middle East, told CNN. Baer said the US action comes amid a resurgence of al-Qaeda, including recent prison breaks in Libya and Iraq in which hundreds of inmates have escaped, and turmoil in Egypt, Mali and elsewhere in the region. "Just in general, they need to put themselves back on the map and make a big splash at this point," he said of al-Qaeda, adding "it's a very, very lethal organisation still, and could hit us just about anywhere."
On Friday, Washington issued a worldwide travel warning, citing unspecified plans by al-Qaeda to strike US interests in the Middle East or North Africa in August. The White House meeting was held as Interpol issued a global security alert after hundreds of militants were set free in jailbreaks linked to al-Qaeda. The worldwide police agency said it suspected al-Qaeda was involved in jailbreaks across nine countries, notably Iraq, Libya and Pakistan, that had "led to the escape of hundreds of terrorists and other criminals" in the past month alone.
Interpol noted that this week marks the 15th anniversary of al-Qaeda's bombing of the US embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam, which killed more than 200 people and wounded thousands. General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, told ABC News that the threats were directed at Western interests and were "more specific" than previous threats. While an exact target was unknown, "the intent seems clear. The intent is to attack Western, not just US, interests," Dempsey said.
The state department issued a worldwide travel alert to US citizens, warning of the "potential for terrorists to attack public transportation systems and other tourist infrastructure." Hours after the US alert was issued, an audio recording was posted on militant Islamist forums in which al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri accused the US of "plotting" with Egypt's military, secularists and Christians to overthrow Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
In his first public comment on the July 3 military coup, the Egyptian-born Zawahiri said: "Crusaders and secularists and the Americanised army have converged with Gulf money and American plotting to topple Mohamed Morsi's government." The US has been especially cautious about security since an attack on its consulate in Libya's second city Benghazi on September 11 last year. The assault, blamed on Islamist militants, killed four Americans, including ambassador Chris Stevens.
The following embassies have been ordered to close:
US Embassy Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates;
US Embassy Algiers, Algeria;
US Embassy Amman, Jordan;
US Embassy Baghdad, Iraq;
US Consulate Basra, Iraq;
US Embassy Tel Aviv, Israel;
US Consulate Haifa, Israel;
US Consulate East Jerusalem;
US Embassy Cairo, Egypt;
US Consulate Dhahran, Saudi Arabia;
US Embassy Djibouti, Djibouti;
US Embassy Dhaka, Bangladesh;
US Embassy Doha, Qatar;
US Consulate Dubai, United Arab Emirates;
US Consulate Arbil, Iraq;
US Consulate Jeddah, Saudi Arabia;
US Embassy Kabul, Afghanistan;
US Embassy Khartoum, Sudan;
US Embassy Kuwait City, Kuwait;
US Embassy Manama, Bahrain;
US Embassy Muscat, Oman;
US Embassy Nouakchott, Mauritania;
US Embassy Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
US Embassy Sanaa, Yemen; and
US Embassy Tripoli, Libya.