Get more Mail & Guardian
Subscribe or Login

SKA confident of attracting new members

Although Germany has now withdrawn officially from the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Organisation, the international body tasked with the pre-construction phase of the world’s largest radio telescope, the organisation was “absolutely” confident that new members would join.

The telescope will compromise thousands of radio antennae in Africa and Australia, with its core in South Africa’s Northern Cape. It will analyse the faint radio signals from space to answer some of humanity’s most enigmatic questions, such as do gravitational waves exist, what is dark matter and is there other life in the universe? It will be the largest science experiment on Earth and it needs members to fund the €2-billion price tag.

Newly elected board chairperson Giovanni Bignami, president of Italy’s National Institute for Astrophysics, said he was “absolutely” sure that new member countries would join the 10-member strong organisation. 

Speaking at the conclusion of a two-day SKA Organisation board meeting in Cape Town, Bignami said: “The number of guests [at the board meeting] is significant. [We] expect to have 15 members by the end of next year.”

Current members include Australia, Canada, China, India (associate member), Italy, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. A number of observer countries, including Japan, Spain, France, the United States’ National Radio Astronomy Observatory and Malta, attended the meeting.

The major issue on the SKA Organisation agenda is setting up a treaty organisation. 

“We are moving forward into an intergovernmental organisation. It sounds bureaucratic, but for us it is fundamental. It gives us the legal authority of an international [science] organisation,” Bignami said, citing CERN as an example of another intergovernmental science organisation.

Asked why South Africans should care about the machinations of the international SKA Organisation and board, SKA South Africa associate director of science and engineering Justin Jonas said: “It is in our interests that the board and the organisation [are] healthy, that the politics and finances [are] done properly. That is the only way that a good technical and scientific instrument will eventuate out of it …

“Both South Africa and Australia, as telescope host nations, have a commitment to the project which is different to [that of] any other country. It’s like bacon and eggs – the chicken is involved, but the pig is committed.”

Jonas said: “It is important that the board ensures there is a good environment [to attract] other members … a) it will get money in [to fund the construction of the SKA] and b) it will be the international instrument that we want it to be. Eventually, all countries in the world with astronomy interests will be in the SKA. This is the CERN of radioastronomy. Anyone who wants to be a serious astronomer will be part of the SKA.”

SKA South Africa funded Sarah Wild’s trip to Cape Town.

Subscribe for R500/year

Thanks for enjoying the Mail & Guardian, we’re proud of our 36 year history, throughout which we have delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa. Good journalism costs, though, and right from our very first edition we’ve relied on reader subscriptions to protect our independence.

Digital subscribers get access to all of our award-winning journalism, including premium features, as well as exclusive events, newsletters, webinars and the cryptic crossword. Click here to find out how to join them and get a 57% discount in your first year.

Sarah Wild
Sarah Wild is a multiaward-winning science journalist. She studied physics, electronics and English literature at Rhodes University in an effort to make herself unemployable. It didnt work and she now writes about particle physics, cosmology and everything in between.In 2012, she published her first full-length non-fiction book Searching African Skies: The Square Kilometre Array and South Africas Quest to Hear the Songs of the Stars, and in 2013 she was named the best science journalist in Africa by Siemens in their 2013 Pan-African Profiles Awards.

Related stories

WELCOME TO YOUR M&G

If you’re reading this, you clearly have great taste

If you haven’t already, you can subscribe to the Mail & Guardian for less than the cost of a cup of coffee a week, and get more great reads.

Already a subscriber? Sign in here

Advertising

Subscribers only

R350 social relief grant not enough to live on

Nearly half of the population in South Africa — one of the most unequal countries in the world — is considered chronically poor.

More top stories

R350 social relief grant not enough to live on

Nearly half of the population in South Africa — one of the most unequal countries in the world — is considered chronically poor.

US fashion contaminates Africa’s water

Untreated effluent from textile factories in in Lesotho, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius and Madagascar pours into rivers, contaminating the water

Deep seabed mining a threat to Africa’s coral reefs

The deep oceans are a fragile final frontier, largely unknown and untouched but mining companies and governments — other than those in Africa — are eying its mineral riches

Komodo dragon faces extinction

The world’s largest monitor lizard has moved up the red list for threatened species, with fewer than 4 000 of the species left
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…
×