Sudan papers go online for freedom from censors

Seated in his Khartoum office overlooking the Blue Nile, Sudanese journalist Adil al-Baz no longer fears a crackdown by security agents over his articles since he launched an online newspaper.

“We are free to publish what we want on our online newspaper,” Baz, a former print newspaper editor, told AFP at the office of Al-Ahdath, the website he launched this year.

In a country of increasing media censorship, Baz is among several independent journalists who have left newspaper jobs and launched online papers or websites.

About a dozen internet papers have been launched in the past year alone as agents of the powerful National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) continue to confiscate entire print-runs of newspapers over articles opposed to President Omar al-Bashir’s regime.

The authorities use several laws to curb press freedom, editors say, adding that the overall environment of media censorship has only grown since Sudan’s north-south divide in 2011.

“A print newspaper faces a new red line almost every day,” said Baz, who was jailed in the past for publishing articles critical of government policies in a newspaper he then owned.

READ MORE: Sudanese courts rob the poor

In 2012, he shut down his paper, also called Al-Ahdath, after NISS agents confiscated its copies.

After working in Qatar for four years, Baz returned to Sudan last year to launch Al-Ahdath that now employs nine journalists.

The online journal has since run several stories criticising government policies, which he says would have been difficult to report in his print newspaper.

New curbs expected

Earlier this year, said Baz, it was Al-Ahdath that first reported on Bashir sacking his senior aide Taha Osman, who now resides in Saudi Arabia.

Osman’s sacking was later hotly debated in the Sudanese media.

Media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ranked Sudan 174th out of 180 countries on its 2017 world press freedom index.

The NISS “hounds journalists and censors the print media”, RSF said.

In November, NISS agents confiscated entire print-runs of independent newspapers Al-Tayar, Al-Jadida, Al-Watan and Akhir Lahza.

These journals lost thousands of dollars worth of advertisements, apart from the huge expenses of printing copies that never hit the stands.

Curbs on press freedom are expected to grow if the cabinet approves a new press law under which Sudan’s press council would be authorised to ban a newspaper for 15 days without any court order.

Sudan’s existing press law requires the council to file for a court order if it wants to ban a newspaper for any longer than three days.

The draft law also permits the council to cancel licences of journalists and newspapers.

Bright future

Several newspapers are no longer financially viable because of the country’s weak economy and the threat from security agents.

Sixty percent of newspaper advertising comes from government-controlled organisations, said Ahmed al-Sheikh, editor of Sudan Times, another new internet paper.

Newspapers that are critical of government policies are hit hardest as authorities often cancel promised advertisements.

“Several newspapers are simply not in a position to offer good salaries to journalists,” Sheikh said. “And readers who previously bought two newspapers are now buying one to cut costs.”

The average monthly salary of a Sudanese newspaper journalist is about 3 000 Sudanese pounds ($445).

With the print media in difficulty, more online journals, all of them Arabic-language, are expected to be launched.

Sheikh said the censors have so far only been concerned with the print media.

“Sudanese authorities are still focusing on print media and have not yet seriously looked at the new online media, which explains why they continue to target newspapers more,” he said.

Sheikh also said that some of the new online newspapers had their registered offices overseas, making them harder to target.

“The response to our online newspaper is very encouraging, with nearly 50 000 hits every day,” said Baz, adding that Al-Ahdath had started attracting online advertising.

In Sudan, the future for online journalism “remains bright” given the freedom of expression it is being allowed, said Osman Mirghani, editor of Al-Tayar newspaper.

Known as Sudan’s voice of independent journalism, Mirghani was briefly jailed in October over an article in his newspaper accusing Bashir’s family of corruption.

“Online journalists don’t face restrictions like print journalists,” said the US-educated engineer turned journalist, whose newspaper has been shut several times by NISS agents.

“They don’t face risks like newspapers, risks of copies being confiscated.”


Mabuza’s ‘distant relative’ scored big

Eskom’s woes are often because of boiler problems at its power plants. R50-billion has been set aside to fix them, but some of the contracts are going to questionable entities

ANC faction gunning for Gordhan

The ambush will take place at an NEC meeting about Eskom. But the real target is Cyril Ramaphosa

Despite tweet, Zuma keeps silent about providing his taxpayer information

The Public Protector has still not received confirmation from former president Jacob Zuma that she may access his tax records —...

Ahead of WEF, Mboweni will have to assure investors that...

The finance minister says despite the difficult fiscal environment, structural reforms are under way to put SA on a new growth path

Press Releases

New-style star accretion bursts dazzle astronomers

Associate Professor James O Chibueze and Dr SP van den Heever are part of an international team of astronomers studying the G358-MM1 high-mass protostar.

2020 risk outlook: Use GRC to build resilience

GRC activities can be used profitably to develop an integrated risk picture and response, says ContinuitySA.

MTN voted best mobile network

An independent report found MTN to be the best mobile network in SA in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Is your tertiary institution is accredited?

Rosebank College is an educational brand of The Independent Institute of Education, which is registered with the Department of Higher Education and Training.

Is your tertiary institution accredited?

Rosebank College is an educational brand of The Independent Institute of Education, which is registered with the Department of Higher Education and Training.

VUT chancellor, Dr Xolani Mkhwanazi, dies

The university conferred the degree of Doctor of Science Honoris Causa on Dr Xolani Mkhwanazi for his outstanding leadership contributions to maths and science education development.

Innovate4AMR now in second year

SA's Team pill-Alert aims to tackle antimicrobial resistance by implementing their strategic intervention that ensures patients comply with treatment.

Medical students present solution in Geneva

Kapil Narain and Mohamed Hoosen Suleman were selected to present their strategic intervention to tackle antimicrobial resistance to an international panel of experts.