UN aims to bring Somalia off the ‘forgotten’ list

The international community will on Thursday again try to rally to the cause of war-torn Somalia’s UN-backed government, which has launched its biggest offensive yet against Islamist insurgents.

The UN Security Council will hold a special meeting against the backdrop of a major land push against the al-Shabaab militia in which dozens of African Union troops have been killed, while an international flotilla battles pirates.

If a death toll of at least 400 000 from the country’s 20-year-long civil war nightmare was not enough, the UN estimates more than two million people are now threatened by drought.

Somalia is jockeying for global attention with the Libya revolt and the Côte d’Ivoire conflict.

But China called the Security Council meeting, which gives the strongest recognition yet of the need for an effective government if Somalia — which many call the “ultimate failed state” — is to stand any chance of recovery.

In parallel, Russia is circulating a draft council resolution for a later vote that calls for setting up three special courts for Somali pirates and building two special prisons for the sea bandits, diplomats said.

China, council president for March, wants the 15 nations to agree on a statement recognising that Somalia’s strife fuels Indian Ocean piracy and the “need for a comprehensive approach to tackle piracy and its underlying causes”.

The transitional government’s mandate ends in August, with no accord yet between President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and the various clans and factions on what will follow.

‘Broader political dialogue’
The statement would call on the government to promote “broader political dialogue and participation” and for UN member states to bolster the 8 000 AU troops from Uganda and Burundi propping up the government.

At least 43 Burundi troops have been killed in the latest battle for Mogadishu, according to security sources, and African nations in particular demand greater international help for establishing a stable government.

“It is a very intractable crisis, which has almost been forgotten by the international community,” said South Africa’s UN ambassador, Baso Sangqu, one of three African representatives on the Security Council.

While welcoming the chance to set a broad strategy for Somalia, South Africa is highlighting the continent’s frustration at the rejection of demands for the UN to take over the AU Mission in Somalia (Amisom) force.

“There is no one reason that holds water,” said Sangqu, who accused international powers of using “cynical arguments”.

“If it was a UN force, we would be providing more resources.

“They say ‘Show us what you can do so we can give you more resources and more strength’. How many more lives must be lost before it is realised that somebody has to do something,” the envoy said.

“Amisom is keeping the government alive, but we must do more than keep the government alive. You must make sure the government can keep itself alive. You can’t keep being a machine for a government to live.”

The government’s capacity to provide basic services to the long-suffering population must be strengthened if the militant threat is to be beaten, Sangqu added.

“You see al-Shabaab collecting taxes and organising new generating services that outshines the capacity of the government.

“The international community has to ensure that we provide the necessary nucleus capacity for the transitional government to be able to stand on its own.”

The international community may have to accept “moderate” members of al-Shabaab in any new government after August, he said.

China’s emphasis on putting Somalia high on the Security Council agenda has also been welcomed by European nations, who have spent heavily on equipment and training for Amisom and Somali forces.

They are in turn demanding more effort from the transitional government.

“We also have to be very clear,” said German ambassador Peter Wittig. “The Security Council cannot by itself bring a solution to the conflict. We expect the transitional federal government and the Parliament to live up to their own commitments.” — AFP

PW Botha wagged his finger and banned us in 1988 but we stood firm. We built a reputation for fearless journalism, then, and now. Through these last 35 years, the Mail & Guardian has always been on the right side of history.

These days, we are on the trail of the merry band of corporates and politicians robbing South Africa of its own potential.

To help us ensure another 35 future years of fiercely independent journalism, please subscribe.

Tim Witcher
Tim Witcher works from New Delhi, India. AFP South Asia director Tim Witcher has over 548 followers on Twitter.

The rule of law in times of crisis: Covid-19 and...

Under a state of national disaster, some rights may be suspended. But it is critical to remember that the Constitution itself is not suspended

Test backlog skews SA’s corona stats

With thousands of samples still waiting to be processed, labs are racing to ramp up testing to help the government gain a better idea of how prevalent Covid-19 really is

Press Releases

The online value of executive education in a Covid-19 world

Executive education courses further develop the skills of leaders in the workplace

Sisa Ntshona urges everyone to stay home, and consider travelling later

Sisa Ntshona has urged everyone to limit their movements in line with government’s request

SAB Zenzele’s special AGM postponed until further notice

An arrangement has been announced for shareholders and retailers to receive a 77.5% cash payout

20th Edition of the National Teaching Awards

Teachers are seldom recognised but they are indispensable to the country's education system

Awards affirm the vital work that teachers do

Government is committed to empowering South Africa’s teachers with skills, knowledge and techniques for a changing world

SAB Zenzele special AGM rescheduled to March 25 2020

New voting arrangements are being made to safeguard the health of shareholders

Dimension Data launches Saturday School in PE

The Gauteng Saturday School has produced a number of success stories