Mining, manufacturing sector lost 15 000 jobs in December

The latest figures were released by the Adcorp Employment Index on Thursday.

The actual overall number of jobs grew by 12 556 in mining but permanent jobs continued to decline. In the last four months of 2012 the economy added 12 029 jobs, reversing the decline of the first eight months of last year.

Employment increased in all sectors except mining and manufacturing. Permanent jobs declined by 5 542 whereas temporary jobs increased by 9 074 in the reporting month of December.

The unofficial sector – that part of the economy that was not captured by official statistics – grew strongly, creating 9 024 jobs. The primary and secondary sectors continued to shed jobs. Tertiary sectors (mostly services) gained 17 000 jobs.

The strongest employment growth was observed in transport which stood at 12.7% , wholesale and retail trade 3.4% and construction 4.7%. Adcorp revealed that from 2000 to 2012, the number of permanent jobs declined by 1.9-million, whereas the number of temporary jobs increased by 2.6-million.


"Currently temporary jobs account for 30.5% of all jobs in South Africa, up from 11% in 2000," said Adcorp's labour market analyst Loane Sharp.

Sharp described the decrease in permanent jobs and increase in temporary job as "a striking feature" of South Africa's labour market.

"In other words, all of the growth in jobs over the past decade has been of a temporary nature," he said. Permanent work has not yet begun to increase since the 2009 recession, whereas the recession is hardly evident in the secular increase in temporary work, Sharp said.

"In circumstances of variable and unpredictable sales volumes, employers are able to match their labour input to output levels by utilising temporary workers.

"The growing effect of seasonality on output levels in agriculture, retail trade, tourism, catering, logistics and other sectors has increased the use of temporary workers in these sectors," he said.

Increasingly employers viewed labour costs – such as employee administration and other human resource practices – as "non-core" activities, preferring to outsource these activities to specialised third parties.

He said the country's labour legislation was becoming "increasingly onerous". The regulatory burden was consequently rising, with the result that employers were increasingly seeking ways to reduce their exposure to regulatory risks, Sharp said. – Sapa

Subscribe to the M&G

These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever.

The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. To help us continue for another 35 future years with the same proud values, please consider taking out a subscription.

Sapa
Guest Author

Related stories

The glass is half empty

The ban on alcohol sales does not only affect liquor companies — it ripples lethally through other related businesses such as the bottle and packaging industry, which, if it closed, would mean job losses

Job seekers hit the pavement in hope and desperation

About 3-million South Africans have lost their jobs during the lockdown. Lester Kiewit talks to people waiting for work on the side of the road in Cape Town

Labour minister paints four bleak scenarios for the UIF if layoffs go above 41%

The fund has been selling assets to make Temporary Employer/Employee Relief Scheme payouts

The ‘lockdown generation’ has been hit hardest by Covid-19

The government has zeroed in on youth unemployment, but the coronavirus pandemic threatens to leave young people even more vulnerable than before

Mogajane: SA will stay on growth path

Government’s response to the coronavirus is unlikely to counteract the expected sharp decline of the country’s gross domestic product

Gig workers are at the front line of pandemic

There is evidence that platform workers worldwide have unfair work conditions and lack benefits and protections afforded to employees
Advertising

Vaccine trial results due in December

If successful, it will then have to be manufactured and distributed

White men still rule and earn more

Women and black people occupy only a few seats at the JSE table, the latest PwC report has found

The PPE scandal that the Treasury hasn’t touched

Many government officials have been talking tough about dealing with rampant corruption in PPE procurement but the majority won't even release names of who has benefited from the R10-billion spend

ANC still at odds over how to tackle leaders facing...

The ANC’s top six has been mandated to work closely with its integrity committee to tackle claims of corruption against senior party members
Advertising

press releases

Loading latest Press Releases…

The best local and international journalism

handpicked and in your inbox every weekday