Tough start to US-EU free-trade talks

The long-delayed negotiations come at a sensitive moment for the two trading superpowers following the publication of documents leaked by whistle-blower Edward Snowden, which show that the US's National Security Agency (NSA) spied on European nations.

EU officials are in Washington to start broad negotiations aimed at easing transatlantic trade by eliminating remaining tariffs on exports and imports, and recognising each other's industry standards.

Economists believe the transatlantic trade and investment partnership pact could be a big boost to both sides.

Britain's prime minister, David Cameron, has called it "the biggest bilateral trade deal in history" and said a deal could be worth as much as $149-billion to the EU economy and $119-billion to the US.

Revelations of widespread spying by the NSA on Europeans has further complicated already complex and fraught negotiations.

Last week, France suggested a further delay in the start of talks while the US clarified the extent of its spying activities on its allies.

Surveillance operation
In the same week, Le Monde newspaper revealed that France runs a vast surveillance operation that, like the NSA, is also intercepting and storing citizens' phone data and internet activity.

Jacob Kirkegaard, senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said the spying revelations would become a sideshow.

"I think we will find that everybody has been doing this," he said, adding that negotiations were more likely to founder on other long-simmering disputes between the two trading powers.

Among the most sensitive topics under discussion are genetically modified organisms and data privacy. Strong opposition to genetically modified crops is seen as a major hurdle to US agricultural exports to the EU.

Last month, the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, reiterated that Europe will defend its restrictions on genetically modified food.

US firms including Facebook, Google and Microsoft want European data privacy rules relaxed as they look to building their businesses in Europe. But those talks will be complicated by revelations about the extent of their working relationship with the NSA.

Bids on public works projects
European companies also want to be able to bid on public works projects that are restricted by "Buy American" requirements.

Other hot issues include France's cultural exception, which protects the country's arts industries and helps to maintain a home-grown film sector.

"These are fundamental, philosophical differences. Squaring those circles is going to be very difficult and getting any resolution is going to take compromise at the very top," said Kirkegaard.

If successful, Kirkegaard said the proposed pact would transform international trade.

The deal would cover about 50% of global economic output and 30% of global trade and, because of its size, it would create de facto global standards, he said.

This week's talks will be largely organisational and led by the assistant US trade representative, Dan Mullaney, and his EU counterpart, Ignacio Garcia Bercero.

Fifteen different groups will be set up to deal with issues ­ranging from agriculture to competition policy. — © Guardian News & Media 2013


Strike-off case pulls in judge

Judge Mushtak Parker is implicated in an application to strike off his former partners. He is also involved in the fight between the Western Cape high court’s judge president and his deputy

One strike and you’re out – registrar tells unions

A municipal workers’ union is the first to be sanctioned for not following the new rule when deciding whether to go on strike

Press Releases

Dr Mathew Moyo’s journey to academic victory

The NWU's chief director for library and information services was appointed as a board member of the National Council for Library and Information Services.

UKZN pays tribute to Joseph Shabalala, Doctor of Music (honoris causa)

The university joins the global community in mourning the passing of legendary musician and founding member of Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Dr Bhekizizwe Joseph Shabalala.

South Africa to be almost R 14-billion wealthier when SAB Zenzele BB-BBEE scheme winds down in April 2020

It’s the biggest BB-BEE FMCG payout in South Africa’s history, with a new scheme to be launched

UKZN vice-chancellor calls for perspective and creative engagement on the way forward

In addition to overcoming the deadlock between UKZN and students, a way must be found to reconcile the university's financial obligations and students' long-term needs.

Survey shows South Africans’ approval of president but not of political parties

According to the survey, 62% of South Africans think Cyril Ramaphosa is doing his job well, while 39% say no political party represents their views.

Andrew Makenete joins Africa Agri Tech as an event ambassador

Makenete has a wealth of experience in the agricultural sector

Is your company prepared for the coronavirus?

Companies should consider the direct and indirect impacts of the pandemic when evaluating whether they are prepared for the coronavirus, says ContinuitySA.

Explaining the distribution of pension funds

Section 37C of the Pension Funds Act puts the ultimate decision-making responsibility in trustees' hands, says Fedgroup.