/ 26 August 2015

Zim economy: Mugabe asks the West for help

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe delivers his first State of the Nation address in eight years.
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe delivers his first State of the Nation address in eight years.

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe said Tuesday in his first State of the Nation address in eight years that he welcomed Western assistance in his country’s economy – the first such statement in a decade and a half of strained relations with the US and Europe.

The 91-year-old veteran president was booed and heckled by opposition politicians over the deteriorating economy as he delivered a policy speech that lasted less than half an hour in Parliament.

Mugabe also called for strengthening of ties with multilateral institutions, which include the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

“My government values re-engagement of the Western world in the Zimbabwe economy,” he said.

The southern African nation owes lenders about $8.4-billion, Finance Minister Patrick Chinamasa said in November. The IMF began a staff monitoring programme in Zimbabwe in 2013, its first formal contact with the country in more than a decade. The economy will probably expand 1.5% this year from an initial projection of 3.2%, Mugabe said, blaming drought.

Zimbabwe will seek to “repeal all laws that hamper business,” he said, and the government has a plan to revive agriculture, including cotton, and expand the mining industry.

Anti-corruption drive
Mugabe, who’s ruled the former British colony since 1980, said his government would create an “Anti-Corruption Trust” to battle graft, which he said was “killing the country”.

Significantly, this was Mugabe’s first State of the Nation address since 2007, the era when inflation was in the billions.

Mail & Guardian Africa‘s Harare-based sister publication News Day noted in its online report: “Mugabe’s usual apostolic sect praise-singers [were] conspicuous by their absence outside the National Assembly. Nothing like the usual pomp and fanfare associated with such events”, ahead of the Zimbabwe’s leader’s arrival.

It also said Mugabe left the house “amid chaos as opposition MPs asked him about the whereabouts of Dzamara and the promised two million jobs”.

Human rights activist Itai Dzamara was abducted in March 9 this year by as yet unknown assailants, and is still missing. His family accuses state elements of a role in his disappearance.

However, ruling Zanu-PF rallied for Mugabe and “started singing in praise of their leader”.

Chinese ally
Mugabe is a close ally of China, and with commodities tanking, its slowing economy might be one of the factors informing the veteran’s softening attitude to the West.

Another of our sister publications in Zimbabwe, The Independent, recently reported that even Beijing had become uneasy about the state of economic stewardship in Zimbabwe.

It reported that China had briefly seconded experts to the Office of the President and government departments in a move aimed at helping Harare better implement deals signed between the two countries last year. It would be unusual, echoing the “meddling” that Mugabe has long criticised institutions like the IMF and World Bank for practising.

The Independent also said that while China had committed to funding key infrastructure developments in the country, it was also “reportedly worried about leakages in government, hence the seconding of officials to set up tight financial systems, among other objectives”.

Last year, for instance, China, through Eximbank Bank, provided the Harare City Council with $144.4-million for the rehabilitation of waterworks, but part of the money was allegedly instead diverted to purchase 50 top-of-the-range vehicles worth over $2-million for politicians and officials.

Zimbabwe has also been failing to repay loans of about US$1.5-billion provided by the Chinese. There are indications that some of the money was misused and could not be accounted for, The Independent said. – M&G Africa